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Tropical Tropopause Layer (TTL)
Contact: Bill Read



Summary

to be added


MLS-related publications concerning the tropical tropopause layer

Future Publications

  1. Davis, S., M. Hegglin, M. Fujiwara, R. Dragani, Y. Harada, C. Kobayashi, C. Long, G. Manney, E. Nash, G. Potter, S. Tegtmeier, T. Wang, K. Wargan, J. Wright, "Assessment of upper tropospheric and stratospheric water vapourand ozone in reanalyses as part of S-RIP", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 1-57, doi:10.5194/acp-2017-377, Not yet published.
  2. Gong, J., D.L. Wu, V. Limpasuvan, "Meridionally-tilted ice cloud structures in the tropical Upper Troposphere as seen by CloudSat", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 14, 24915, doi:10.5194/acpd-14-24915-2014, Not yet published.
  3. Wang, T., A.E. Dessler, M.R. Schoeberl, W.J. Randel, J.E. Kim, "The impact of temperature resolution on trajectory modeling of stratospheric water vapour", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 14, 29209, doi:10.5194/acpd-14-29209-2014, Not yet published.

2017

  1. Glanville, A., T. Birner, "Role of vertical and horizontal mixing in the tape recorder signal near the tropical tropopause", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, 6, 4337-4353, doi:10.5194/acp-17-4337-2017, 2017. reprint
  2. Khaykin, S., S. Godin-Beekmann, P. Keckhut, A. Hauchecorne, J. Jumelet, J. Vernier, A. Bourassa, D. Degenstein, L. Rieger, C. Bingen, F. Vanhellemont, C. Robert, M. DeLand, P. Bhartia, "Variability and evolution of the midlatitude stratospheric aerosol budget from 22 years of ground-based lidar and satellite observations", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, 3, 1829-1845, doi:10.5194/acp-17-1829-2017, 2017. reprint
  3. Ming, A., A. Maycock, P. Hitchcock, P. Haynes, "The radiative role of ozone and water vapour in the annual temperature cycle in the tropical tropopause layer", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 17, 9, 5677-5701, doi:10.5194/acp-17-5677-2017, 2017. reprint
  4. Santee, M.L., G.L. Manney, N.J. Livesey, M.J. Schwartz, J.L. Neu, W.G. Read, "A comprehensive overview of the climatological composition of the Asian summer monsoon anticyclone based on 10 years of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 122, doi:10.1002/2016jd026408, 2017. reprint

2016

  1. Eguchi, N., K. Kodera, B. Funatsu, H. Takashima, R. Ueyama, "Rapid Convective Transport of Tropospheric Air into the Tropical Lower Stratosphere during the 2010 Sudden Stratospheric Warming", SOLA 12A, Special_Edition, 13-17, doi:10.2151/sola.12a-003, 2016. reprint
  2. Garny, H., W. Randel, "Transport pathways from the Asian monsoon anticyclone to the stratosphere", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, 4, 2703-2718, doi:10.5194/acp-16-2703-2016, 2016. reprint
  3. Gu, Y., H. Liao, J. Bian, "Summertime nitrate aerosol in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere over the Tibetan Plateau and the South Asian summer monsoon region", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, 11, 6641-6663, doi:10.5194/acp-16-6641-2016, 2016. reprint
  4. Huang, L., J.H. Jiang, L. Murry, M. Damon, H. Su, N. Livesey, "Evaluation of UTLS carbon monoxide simulations in GMI and GEOS-Chem chemical transport models using Aura MLS observations", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, 5641-5663, doi:10.5194/acp-16-5641-2016, 2016. reprint
  5. Konopka, P., F. Ploeger, M. Tao, M. Riese, "Zonally resolved impact of ENSO on the stratospheric circulation and water vapor entry values", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121, 19, 11,486-11,501, doi:10.1002/2015jd024698, 2016. reprint
  6. Ratnam, M.V., S.R. Babu, S.S. Das, G. Basha, B.V. Krishnamurthy, B. Venkateswararao, "Effect of tropical cyclones on the stratosphere–troposphere exchange observed using satellite observations over the north Indian Ocean", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, 13, 8581-8591, doi:10.5194/acp-16-8581-2016, 2016. reprint
  7. Schoeberl, M., A. Dessler, H. Ye, T. Wang, M. Avery, E. Jensen, "The impact of gravity waves and cloud nucleation threshold on stratospheric water and tropical tropospheric cloud fraction", Earth and Space Science, doi:10.1002/2016ea000180, 2016. reprint
  8. Sridharan, S., M. Sandhya, "Long-term 2004–2015 tendencies and variabilities of tropical UTLS water vapor mixing ratio and temperature observed by AURA/MLS using multivariate regression analysis", Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 147, 156-165, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2016.08.001, 2016. reprint
  9. Vogel, B., G. Günther, R. Müller, J. Grooß, A. Afchine, H. Bozem, P. Hoor, M. Krämer, S. Müller, M. Riese, C. Rolf, N. Spelten, G. Stiller, J. Ungermann, A. Zahn, "Long-range transport pathways of tropospheric source gases originating in Asia into the northern lower stratosphere during the Asian monsoon season 2012", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, 23, 15301-15325, doi:10.5194/acp-16-15301-2016, 2016. reprint
  10. Zhang, K., R. Fu, T. Wang, Y. Liu, "Impact of geographic variations of the convective and dehydration center on stratospheric water vapor over the Asian monsoon region", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, 12, 7825-7835, doi:10.5194/acp-16-7825-2016, 2016. reprint
  11. Zhu, B., X. Hou, H. Kang, "Analysis of the seasonal ozone budget and the impact of the summer monsoon on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 121, doi:10.1002/2015jd023857, 2016. reprint

2015

  1. Evan, S., K.H. Rosenlof, T. Thornberry, A. Rollins, S. Khaykin, "TTL cooling and drying during the January 2013 stratospheric sudden warming", Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 141, 693, 3030-3039, doi:10.1002/qj.2587, 2015. reprint
  2. Hardiman, S., I. Boutle, A. Bushell, N. Butchart, M. Cullen, P. Field, K. Furtado, J. Manners, S. Milton, C. Morcrette, F. O’Connor, B. Shipway, C. Smith, D. Walters, M. Willett, K. Williams, N. Wood, N.L. Abraham, J. Keeble, A. Maycock, J. Thuburn, M. Woodhouse, "Processes Controlling Tropical Tropopause Temperature and Stratospheric Water Vapor in Climate Models", Journal of Climate 28, 16, 6516-6535, doi:10.1175/jcli-d-15-0075.1, 2015. reprint
  3. Jensen, E.J., L. Pfister, R. Ueyama, J.W. Bergman, D. Kinnison, "Investigation of the transport processes controlling the geographic distribution of carbon monoxide at the tropical tropopause", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, 5, 2067-2086, doi:10.1002/2014jd022661, 2015. reprint
  4. Schoeberl, M., H. Selkirk, H. Vömel, A. Douglass, "Sources of seasonal variability in tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere water vapor and ozone: Inferences from the Ticosonde data set at Costa Rica", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, 18, 9684-9701, doi:10.1002/2015jd023299, 2015. reprint
  5. Ueyama, R., E. Jensen, L. Pfister, J. Kim, "Dynamical, convective, and microphysical control on wintertime distributions of water vapor and clouds in the tropical tropopause layer", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, 19, 10,483-10,500, doi:10.1002/2015jd023318, 2015. reprint
  6. Vergados, P., A. Mannucci, C. Ao, J.H. Jiang, H. Su, "On the comparisons of tropical relative humidity in the lower and middle troposphere among COSMIC radio occultations and MERRA and ECMWF data sets ", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 8, 1789-1797, doi:10.5194/amt-8-1789-2015, 2015. reprint
  7. Wang, C., W. Tian, J. Zhang, D. Hu, S. Dhomse, J. Shu, J. Luo, "Model study of the impacts of emissions, chemical and dynamical processes on the CO variability in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere", Tellus B Chemical and Physical Meteorology 67, doi:10.3402/tellusb.v67.27475, 2015. reprint
  8. Wang, T., A.E. Dessler, M.R. Schoeberl, W.J. Randel, J.E. Kim, "The impact of temperature vertical structure on trajectory modeling of stratospheric water vapor", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15, 6, 3517-3526, doi:10.5194/acp-15-3517-2015, 2015. reprint

2014

  1. Bhawar, R.L., J.H. Jiang, H. Su, M.J. Schwartz, "Variation of upper tropospheric clouds and water vapour over the Indian Ocean", International Journal of Climatology 34, 15, 3840-3848, doi:10.1002/joc.3942, 2014. reprint
  2. Carminati, F., P. Ricaud, J.P. Pommereau, E. Riviere, S. Khaykin, J.L. Attie, J. Warner, "Impact of tropical land convection on the water vapour budget in the tropical tropopause layer", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, 6195–6211, doi:10.5194/acp-14-6195-2014, 2014. reprint
  3. Dessler, A.E., M.R. Schoeberl, T. Wang, M. Davis, K.H. Rosenlof, J.P. Vernier, "Variations of stratospheric water vapor over the past three decades", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, 22, 12588–12598, doi:10.1002/2014JD021712, 2014. reprint
  4. Fromm, M., G. Kablick, G. Nedoluha, E. Carboni, R. Grainger, J. Campbell, J. Lewis, "Correcting the record of volcanic stratospheric aerosol impact: Nabro and Sarychev Peak", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, 17, 10343-10364, doi:10.1002/2014JD021507, 2014. reprint
  5. Hegglin, M.I., D.A. Plummer, T.G. Shepherd, J.F. Scinocca, J. Anderson, L. Froidevaux, B. Funke, D. Hurst, A. Rozanov, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, K.A. Walker, H.J. Wang, S. Tegtmeier, K. Weigel, "Vertical structure of stratospheric water vapour trends derived from merged satellite data", Nature Geoscience 7, doi:10.1038/ngeo2236, 2014. reprint
  6. Huang, L., R. Fu, J.H. Jiang, "Impacts of Fire Emissions and Transport Pathways on the Interannual Variation of CO in the Tropical Upper Troposphere", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, 4087-4099, doi:10.5194/acp-14-4087-2014, 2014. reprint
  7. Jain, S., A.R. Jain, T.K. Mandal, "Dry phase of tropical lower stratospheric water vapor: Role of the BDC, convection, and ozone variability", Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 121, 257-270, doi:10.1016/j.jasp.2014.08.018, 2014. reprint
  8. Maycock, A.C., M.M. Joshi, K.P. Shine, S.M. Davis, K.H. Rosenlof, "The potential impact of changes in lower stratospheric water vapour on stratospheric temperatures over the past 30 years", Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140, 684, 2176-2185, doi:10.1002/qj.2287, 2014. reprint
  9. Neu, J.L., M.I. Hegglin, S. Tegtmeier, A. Bourassa, D. Degenstein, L. Froidevau, R. Fuller, B. Funke, J. Gille, A. Jones, A. Rozanov, M. Toohey, T. von Clarmann, K.A. Walker, J.R. Worden, "The SPARC Data Initiative: Comparison of upper troposphere/lower stratosphere ozone climatologies from limb-viewing instruments and the nadir-viewing Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, 11, 6971–6990, doi:10.1002/2013JD020822, 2014. reprint
  10. Saha, U., A. Maitra, "Effects on stratospheric moistening by rates of change of aerosol optical depth and ozone due to solar activity in extra-tropics", Indian Journal of Physics 88, 11, 1117-1126, doi:10.1007/s12648-014-0563-x, 2014. reprint
  11. Schoeberl, M.R., A.E. Dessler, T. Wang, M.A. Avery, E.J. Jensen, "Cloud formation, convection, and stratospheric dehydration", Earth and Space Science 1, 1-17, doi:10.1002/2014EA000014, 2014. reprint
  12. Uma, K.N., S.K. Das, S.S. Das, "A Climatological Perspective of Water Vapor at the UTLS Region over Different Global Monsoon Regions: Observations Inferred from the Aura-MLS and Reanalysis Data", Climate Dynamics 43, 407-420, doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2085-9, 2014. reprint
  13. Urban, J., S. Lossow, G. Stiller, W. Read, "Another Drop in Water Vapor", EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 95, 27, 245-252, doi:10.1002/2014EO270001, 2014. reprint
  14. Warner, J.X., R. Yang, Z. Wei, F. Carminati, A. Tangborn, Z. Sun, W. Lahoz, J.L. Attié, L.E. Amraoui, B. Duncan, "Global carbon monoxide products from combined AIRS, TES and MLS measurements on A-train satellites", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, 1, 103-114, doi:10.5194/acp-14-103-2014, 2014. reprint

2013

  1. Abalos, M., W.J. Randel, D.E. Kinnison, E. Serrano, "Quantifying tracer transport in the tropical lower stratosphere using WACCM", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, 10591-10607, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10591-2013, 2013. reprint
  2. Barré, J., L.E. Amraoui, P. Ricaud, W.A. Lahoz, J.L. Attie, V.H. Peuch, B. Josse, V. Marécal, "Diagnosing the transition layer at extratropical latitudes using MLS O3 and MOPITT CO analyses", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, 1, 7225-7240, doi:10.5194/acp-13-7225-2013, 2013. reprint
  3. Evan, S., K.H. Rosenlof, J. Dudhia, B. Hassler, S.M. Davis, "The representation of the TTL in a tropical channel version of the WRF model", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, 7, 2835-2848, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50288, 2013. reprint
  4. Jain, S., A.R. Jain, T.K. Mandal, "Role of convection in hydration of tropical UTLS: implication of AURA MLS long-term observations", Annales Geophysicae 31, 967-981, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-967-2013, 2013. reprint
  5. Liu, J., J.A. Logan, L.T. Murray, H.C. Pumphrey, M.J. Schwartz, I.A. Megretskaia, "Transport analysis and source attribution of seasonal and interannual variability of CO in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, 129-146, doi:10.5194/acp-13-129-2013, 2013. reprint
  6. Olsen, M.A., A.R. Douglass, T.B. Kaplan, "Variability of extratropical ozone stratosphere–troposphere exchange using microwave limb sounder observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 118, 1–10, doi:10.1029/2012JD018465, 2013. reprint
  7. Su, H., J.H. Jiang, "Tropical Clouds and Circulation Changes During the 2006-07 and 2009-10 El Niños", Journal of Climate 26, 2, 399-413, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00152.1, 2013. reprint

2012

  1. Abalos, M., W.J. Randel, E. Serrano, "Variability in upwelling across the tropical tropopause and correlations with tracers in the lower stratosphere", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 11505-11517, doi:10.5194/acp-12-11505-2012, 2012. reprint
  2. Flury, T., D.L. Wu, W.G. Read, "Variability of the Brewer-Dobson circulation", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 12, 21291-21320, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-21291-2012, 2012. reprint
  3. Johnston, M.S., P. Eriksson, S. Eliasson, C.G. Jones, R.M. Forbes, D.P. Murtagh, "The representation of tropical upper tropospheric water in EC Earth V2", Climate Dynamics 39, 2713-2731, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1511-0, 2012. reprint
  4. Ploeger, F., P. Konopka, R. Muller, S. Fueglistaler, T. Schmidt, J.C. Manners, J.U. Grooss, G. Gunther, P.M. Forster, M. Riese, "Horizontal transport affecting trace gas seasonality in the Tropical Tropopause Layer TTL", Journal of Geophysical Research 117, D09303, doi:10.1029/2011JD017267, 2012. reprint
  5. Schoeberl, M.R., A.E. Dessler, T. Wang, "Simulation of stratospheric water vapor and trends using \newline three reanalyses", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 14, 6475-6487, doi:10.5194/acp-12-6475-2012, 2012. reprint
  6. Wang, T., A.E. Dessler, "Analysis of cirrus in the tropical tropopause layer from CALIPSO and MLS data: A water perspective", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 117, D4, doi:10.1029/2011jd016442, 2012. reprint
  7. Wu, L., H. Su, J.H. Jiang, W.G. Read, "Hydration or dehydration: competing effects of upper tropospheric cloud radiation on the TTL water vapor", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 7727-7735, doi:10.5194/acp-12-7727-2012, 2012. reprint
  8. Yi, M., Y. Fu, P. Liu, Z. Heng, Y. Gao, X. Hong, "Analysis of the variation of atmospheric composition in the upper troposphere during a strong convection in eastern China in summer", Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 36, 5, doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.11124, 2012.

2011

  1. Das, S.K., C-W. Chiang, J-B. Nee, "Influence of tropical easterly jet on upper tropical cirrus: An observational study from CALIPSO, Aura-MLS and NCEP/NCAR data", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D12204, doi:10.1029/2011JD015923, 2011. reprint
  2. Wright, J.S., R. Fu, S. Fueglistaler, Y.S. Liu, Y. Zhang, "The influence of summertime convection over Southeast Asia on water vapor in the tropical stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D12302, doi:10.1029/2010JD015416, 2011. reprint

2010

  1. Jiang, J.H., H. Su, S. Pawson, H.C. Liu, W. Read, J.W. Waters, M. Santee, D.L. Wu, M. Schwartz, N. Livesey, A. Lambert, R. Fuller, J.N. Lee, "Five-year (2004-2009) Observations of Upper Tropospheric Water Vapor and Cloud Ice from MLS and Comparisons with GEOS-5 analyses", Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D15103, doi:10.1029/2009JD013256, 2010. reprint
  2. Konopka, P., J.U. Grooss, G. Gunther, F. Ploeger, R. Pommrich, R. Mueller, N. Livesey, "Annual cycle of ozone at and above the tropical tropopause: observations versus simulations with the Chemical Lagrangian Model of the Stratosphere (CLaMS)", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 121-132, doi:10.5194/acp-10-121-2010, 2010. reprint

2009

  1. Liu, C., E.J. Zipser, "Implications of the day versus night differences of water vapor, carbon monoxide, and thin cloud observations near the tropical tropopause", Journal of Geophysical Research 114, D09303, doi:10.1029/2008JD011524, 2009. reprint
  2. Ryoo, J., T. Igusa, D.W. Waugh, "PDFs of Tropical Tropospheric Humidity: Measurements and Theory", Journal of Climate 22, 12, 3357-3373, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2747.1, 2009. reprint

2008

  1. Ekstrom, M., P. Eriksson, "Altitude resolved ice-fraction in the uppermost tropical troposphere", Geophysical Research Letters 35, L13822, doi:10.1029/2008GL034305, 2008. reprint
  2. Ekstrom, M., P. Eriksson, W.G. Read, M. Milz, D.P. Murtagh, "Comparison of satellite limb-sounding humidity climatologies of the uppermost tropical troposphere", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 309-320, doi:10.5194/acp-8-309-2008, 2008. reprint
  3. Froidevaux, L., Y.B. Jiang, A. Lambert, N.J. Livesey, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, E.V. Browell, J.W. Hair, M.A. Avery, T.J. McGee, L.W. Twigg, G.K. Sumnicht, K.W. Jucks, J.J. Margitan, B. Sen, R.A. Stachnik, G.C. Toon, P.F. Bernath, C.D. Boone, K.A. Walker, M.J. Filipiak, R.S. Harwood, R.A. Fuller, G.L. Manney, M.J. Schwartz, W.H. Daffer, B.J. Drouin, R.E. Cofield, D.T. Cuddy, R.F. Jarnot, B.W. Knosp, V.S. Perun, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, R.P. Thurstans, P.A. Wagner, "Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder stratospheric ozone measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D15S20, doi:10.1029/2007JD008771, 2008. reprint
  4. James, R., M. Bonazzola, B. Legras, K. Surbled, S. Fueglistaler, "Water vapor transport and dehydration above convective outflow during Asian monsoon", Geophysical Research Letters 35, L20810, doi:10.1029/2008GL035441, 2008. reprint
  5. Pumphrey, H.C., C. Boone, K.A. Walker, P. Bernath, N.J. Livesey, "The tropical tape recorder observed in HCN", Geophysical Research Letters 35, L05801, doi:10.1029/2007GL032137, 2008. reprint
  6. Schoeberl, M.R., A.R. Douglass, P.A. Newman, L.R. Lait, D. Lary, J. Waters, N. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, W. Read, M.J. Filipiak, H.C. Pumphrey, "QBO and Annual Cycle Variations in Tropical Lower Stratosphere Trace Gases from HALOE and Aura MLS Observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D05301, doi:10.1029/2007JD008678, 2008. reprint

2007

  1. Jiang, Y.B., L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, N.J. Livesey, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, B. Bojkov, T. Leblanc, I.S. McDermid, S. Godin-Beekmann, M.J. Filipiak, R.S. Harwood, R.A. Fuller, W.H. Daffer, B.J. Drouin, R.E. Cofield, D.T. Cuddy, R.F. Jarnot, B.W. Knosp, V.S. Perun, M.J. Schwartz, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, R.P. Thurstans, P.A. Wagner, M. Allaart, S.B. Andersen, G. Bodeker, B. Calpini, H. Claude, G. Coetzee, J. Davies, H. De Backer, H. Dier, M. Fujiwara, B. Johnson, H. Kelder, N.P. Leme, G. Konig-Langlo, E. Kyro, G. Laneve, L.S. Fook, J. Merrill, G. Morris, M. Newchurch, S. Oltmans, M.C. Parrondos, F. Posny, F. Schmidlin, P. Skrivankova, R. Stubi, D. Tarasick, A. Thompson, V. Thouret, P. Viatte, H. Vomel, P. von der Gathen, M. Yela, G. Zablocki, "Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Ozone by Ozonesonde and Lidar Measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S34, doi:10.1029/2007JD008776, 2007. reprint
  2. Lambert, A., W.G. Read, N.J. Livesey, M.L. Santee, G.L. Manney, L. Froidevaux, D.L. Wu, M.J. Schwartz, H.C. Pumphrey, C. Jimenez, G.E. Nedoluha, R.E. Cofield, D.T. Cuddy, W.H. Daffer, B.J. Drouin, R.A. Fuller, R.F. Jarnot, B.W. Knosp, H.M. Pickett, V.S. Perun, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, R.P. Thurstans, P.A. Wagner, J.W. Waters, K.W. Jucks, G.C. Toon, R.A. Stachnik, P.F. Bernath, C.D. Boone, K.A. Walker, J. Urban, D. Murtagh, J.W. Elkins, E. Atlas, "Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder middle atmosphere water vapor and nitrous oxide measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S36, doi:10.1029/2007JD008724, 2007. reprint
  3. Liu, C., E.J. Zipster, T.J. Garrett, J.H. Jiang, H. Su, "How do the water vapor and carbon monoxide 'tape recorders' start near the tropical tropopause", Geophysical Research Letters 34, L09804, doi:10.1029/2006GL029234, 2007. reprint
  4. Randel, W.J., M. Park, F. Wu, N.J. Livesey, "A large annual cycle in ozone above the tropical tropopause linked to the Brewer-Dobson circulation", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 64, 4479-4488, doi:10.1175/2007JAS2409.1, 2007. reprint
  5. Read, W.G., A. Lambert, J. Bacmeister, R.E. Cofield, L.E. Christensen, D.T. Cuddy, W.H. Daffer, B.J. Drouin, E. Fetzer, L. Froidevaux, R. Fuller, R. Herman, R.F. Jarnot, J.H. Jiang, Y.B. Jiang, K. Kelly, B.W. Knosp, L.J. Kovalenko, N.J. Livesey, , G.L. Manney, H.M. Pickett, H.C. Pumphrey, K.H. Rosenlof, X. Sabounchi, M.L. Santee, M.J. Schwartz, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, H. Su, L.L. Takacs, R.P. Thurstans, H. Vomel, P.A. Wagner, J.W. Waters, C.R. Webster, E.M. Weinstock, D.L. Wu, "Aura Microwave Limb Sounder upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric H2O and relative humidity with respect to ice validation", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S35, doi:10.1029/2007JD008752, 2007. reprint
  6. Santee, M.L., A. Lambert, W.G. Read, N.J. Livesey, R.E. Cofield, D.T. Cuddy, W.H. Daffer, B.J. Drouin, L. Froidevaux, R.A. Fuller, R.F. Jarnot, B.W. Knosp, G.L. Manney, V.S. Perun, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, R.P. Thurstans, P.A. Wagner, J.W. Waters, G. Muscari, R.L. deZafra, J.E. Dibb, D.W. Fahey, P.J. Popp, T.P. Marcy, K.W. Jucks, G.C. Toon, R.A. Stachnik, P.F. Bernath, C.D. Boone, K.A. Walker, J. Urban, D. Murtagh, "Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder HNO3 Measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S40, doi:10.1029/2007JD008721, 2007. reprint

2006

  1. Folkins, I., P. Bernath, C. Boone, G. Lesins, N. Livesey, A.M. Thompson, K. Walker, J.C. Witte, "Seasonal cycles of O3, CO, and convective outflow at the tropical tropopause", Geophysical Research Letters 33, L16802, doi:10.1029/2006GL026602, 2006. reprint
  2. Fu, R., Y. Hu, J.S. Wright, J.H. Jiang, R.E. Dickinson, M. Chen, M. Filipiak, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, D.L. Wu, "Short circuit of water vapor and polluted air to the global stratosphere by convective transport over the Tibetan Plateau", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103, 5664-5669, 10.1073/pnas.0601584103, 2006. reprint
  3. Garrett, T.J., J. Dean-Day, C. Liu, B. Barnett, G. Mace, D. Baumbardner, C. Webster, T. Bui, W. Read, P. Minnis, "Convective formation of pileus cloud near the tropopause", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 6, 1185-1200, doi:10.5194/acp-6-1185-2006, 2006. reprint
  4. Schoeberl, M.R., B.N. Duncan, A.R. Douglass, J. Waters, N. Livesey, W. Read, M. Filipiak, "The carbon monoxide tape recorder", Geophysical Research Letters 33, L12811, doi:10.1029/2006GL026178, 2006. reprint
  5. Sherwood, S.C., E.R. Kursinski, W.G. Read, "A distribution law for free-troposphere relative humidity", Journal of Climate 19, 6267-6277, doi:10.1175/JCLI3978.1, 2006. reprint

2005

  1. Waugh, D.W., "Impact of potential vorticity intrusions on subtropical upper tropospheric humidity", Journal of Geophysical Research 110, D11305, doi:10.1029/2004JD005664, 2005. reprint

2004

  1. Eguchi, N., M. Shiotani, "Intraseasonal variations of water vapor and cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D12106, doi:10.1029/2003JD004314, 2004. reprint
  2. Jiang, J.H., B. Wang, K. Goya, K. Hocke, S.D. Eckermann, J. Ma, D.L. Wu, W.G. Read, "Geographical Distribution and Inter-Seasonal Variability of Tropical Deep Convection: UARS MLS Observations and Analyses", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D03111, doi:10.1029/2003JD003756, 2004. reprint
  3. Minschwaner, K., A.E. Dessler, "Water Vapor Feedback in the Tropical Upper Troposphere: Model Results and Observations", Journal of Climate 17, 1272-1282, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2004), 2004. reprint
  4. Read, W.G., D.L. Wu, J.W. Waters, H.C. Pumphrey, "A New 147-56 hPa Water Vapor Product from the UARS Microwave Limb Sounder", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D06111, doi:10.1029/2003JD004366, 2004. reprint
  5. Read, W.G., D.L. Wu, J.W. Waters, H.C. Pumphrey, "Dehydration in the Tropical Tropopause Layer: Implications from UARS MLS", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D06110, doi:10.1029/2003JD004056, 2004. reprint

2003

  1. Clark, H.L., R.S. Harwood, A. Billingham, H.C. Pumphrey, "Cirrus and water vapor in the tropical tropopause layer observed by the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite", Journal of Geophysical Research 108, D24, 4751, doi:10.1029/2003JD003748, 2003. reprint
  2. Clark, H.L., R.S. Harwood, "Upper-Tropospheric Humidity from MLS and ECMWF Reanalyses", Monthly Weather Review 131, 3, 542-555, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2003), 2003. reprint
  3. Salby, M., F. Sassi, P. Callaghan, W. Read, H. Pumphrey, "Fluctuations of Cloud, Humidity, and Thermal Structure near the Tropical Tropopause", Journal of Climate 16, 21, 3428-3446, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<3428:FOCHAT>2.0.CO;2, 2003. reprint

2002

  1. Folkins, I., K.K. Kelly, E.M. Weinstock, "A simple explanation for the increase in relative humidity between 11 and 14 km in the tropics", Journal of Geophysical Research 107, D23, 4736, doi:10.1029/2002JD002185, 2002. reprint
  2. Folkins, I., "Origin of Lapse Rate Changes in the Upper Tropical Tropopause", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 59, 5, 992-1005, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2002) , 2002. reprint
  3. Kley, D., J.M. Russell, C. Phillips, "SPARC assessment of upper tropospheric and stratospheric water vapour", SPARC Report No. 2 2, WMO/ICSU/IOC, WCRP-113, 2002.
  4. Offerman, D., B. Schaeler, M. Riese, M. Langfermann, M. Jarisch, G. Eidmann, C. Schiller, H G.J. Smit, W.G. Read, "Water vapor at the tropopause during the CRISTA 2 mission", Journal of Geophysical Research 107, D23, 8176, doi:10.1029/2001JD000700, 2002. reprint
  5. Sassi, F., M. Salby, H.C. Pumphrey, W.G. Read, "Influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on upper tropospheric humidity", Journal of Geophysical Research 107, D23, 4681, doi:10.1029/2001JD001331, 2002. reprint
  6. Spichtinger, P., K. Gierens, W. Read, "The statistical distribution law of relative humidity in the global tropopause region", Meteorologische Zeitschrift 11, 83-88, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2002/0011-0083, 2002. reprint

2001

  1. Gettleman, A., W.J. Randel, S. Massie, F. Wu, W.G. Read, J.M. Russell, "El-Nino as a natural experiment for studying the Tropical Tropause Region", Journal of Climate 14, 3375-3392, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3375:ENOAAN>2.0.CO;2, 2001. reprint
  2. Pawson, S., L. Takacs, A. Molod, S. Nebuda, M. Chen, W. Read, M. Fiorino, "The Tropical Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere in the GEOS-2 GCM", Advances in Space Research 27, 1457-1465, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(01)00214-9, 2001. reprint
  3. Read, W.G., J.W. Waters, D.L. Wu, E.M. Stone, Z. Shippony, A.C. Smedley, C.C. Smallcomb, S. Oltmans, D. Kley, H.G.J. Smit, J.L. Mergenthaler, M.K. Karki, "UARS Microwave Limb Sounder Upper Tropospheric Humidity Measurement: Method and Validation", Journal of Geophysical Research 106, D23, 32207-35258, doi:10.1029/2000JD000122, 2001. reprint
  4. Sassi, F., M. Salby, W.G. Read, "Relationship between upper tropospheric humidity and deep convection", Journal of Geophysical Research 106, D15, 17133-17146, doi:10.1029/2001JD900121, 2001. reprint

2000

  1. Dessler, A.E., S.C. Sherwood, "Simulations of tropical upper tropospheric humidity", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D15, 20,155-20,163, doi:10.1029/2000JD900231, 2000. reprint
  2. Gettleman, A., J.R. Holton, A.R. Douglass, "Simulations of water vapor in the lower stratosphere and upper troposphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D7, 9003-9023, doi:10.1029/1999JD901133, 2000. reprint
  3. Kley, D., J.M. Russell, C. Phillips, "SPARC Assessment of Upper Tropospheric and Stratospheric Water Vapor", SPARC Report No. 2,2000.
  4. McCormack, J.P., R. Fu, W.G. Read, "The influence of convective outflow on water vapor mixing ratios in the tropical upper troposphere: An analyses based on UARS MLS measurements", Geophysical Research Letters 27, 525-528, doi:10.1029/1999GL010477, 2000. reprint
  5. Mote, P.W., H.L. Clark, T.J. Dunkerton, R.S. Harwood, H.C. Pumphrey, "Intraseasonal Variations of Water Vapor in the Tropical Upper Troposphere and Tropopause Region", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D13, 17457-17470, doi:10.1029/2000JD900158, 2000. reprint
  6. Pan, L.L., E.J. Hintsa, E.M. Stone, E.M. Weinstock, W.J. Randel, "The seasonal cycle of water vapor and saturation mixing ratio in the extratropical lowermost stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D21, 26,519-26,530, doi:10.1029/2000JD900401, 2000. reprint
  7. Zhu, Y., R.E. Newell, W.G. Read, "Factors controlling upper tropospheric water vapor", Journal of Climate 13, 4, 836-848, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000), 2000. reprint

1999

  1. Chen, M., R.B. Rood, W.G. Read, "Seasonal variations of upper tropospheric water vapor and high clouds observed from satellites", Journal of Geophysical Research 104, D6, 6193-6197, doi:10.1029/1998JD200124, 1999. reprint
  2. Jensen, E.J., W.G. Read, J. Mergenthaler, B.J. Sandor, L. Pfister, A. Tabazadeh, "High humidities and subvisible cirrus near the tropical tropopause", Geophysical Research Letters 26, D15, 2347-2350, doi:10.1029/1999GL900266, 1999. reprint

1998

  1. Mote, P.W., T.J. Dunkerton, H.C. Pumphrey, "Sub-seasonal variations in lower stratospheric water vapor", Geophysical Research Letters 25, 2445-2448, doi:10.1029/98GL51847, 1998. reprint
  2. Sandor, B.J., W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, K.H. Rosenlof, "Seasonal Behavior of Tropical to Mid-Latitude Upper Tropospheric Water Vapor from UARS MLS", Journal of Geophysical Research 103, D20, 25935-25947, doi:10.1029/98JD02272, 1998. reprint

1996

  1. Mote, P.W., K.H. Rosenlof, M.E. McIntyre, E.S. Carr, J.R. Holton, J.S. Kinnersley, H.C. Pumphrey, J.M. Russell, J.W. Waters, J.C. Gille, "An atmospheric tape recorder: the imprint of tropical tropopause temperatures on stratospheric water vapor", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D2, 3989-4006, doi:10.1029/95JD03422, 1996. reprint
  2. Newell, R.E., Y. Zhu, E.V. Browell, S. Ismail, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, K.K. Kelly, S.C. Liu, "Upper tropospheric water vapor and cirrus: Comparison of DC-8 Observations, preliminary UARS microwave limb sounder measurements and meteorological analyses", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D1, 1931-1941, doi:10.1029/95JD01373, 1996. reprint
  3. Newell, R.E., Y. Zhu, E.V. Browell, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, "Walker circulation and tropical upper tropospheric water vapor", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D1, 1961-1974, doi:10.1029/95JD02275, 1996. reprint

1995

  1. Read, W.G., J.W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, D.A. Flower, R.F. Jarnot, D.L. Hartmann, R.S. Harwood, R.B. Rood, "Upper-tropospheric water vapor from UARS MLS", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76, 12, 2381-2389, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1995), 1995. reprint


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