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The MLS H2O Product

Contact: William Read for troposhpere
Alyn Lambert for stratosphere and mesosphere



Basic Information

Water vapor is the dominant greenhouse gas in the troposphere. Its greatest influences on climate forcing is in the upper troposphere, and it is generally believed that water vapor amplifies the radiative forcing associated with the anthropogenic increases in carbon dioxide. In the tropics upper tropospheric water vapor is closely linked to sea surface temperature and thus ocean-atmosphere coupling phenomena such as the El Nino southern oscillation can be observed. Energy is released when water vapor condenses and large values of relative humidity, which is derived from water vapor and temperature, show where cloud formation is likely. Stratospheric water vapor influences stratospheric ozone chemistry both by providing a source of odd-hydrogen that destroys ozone and by influencing the formation of polar stratospheric clouds that trigger processes leading to large ozone loss in polar winter. Water vapor has been increasing in the stratosphere, believed due to changes near the tropical troposphere where water vapor enters the stratosphere.
The H2O Molecule
H2O molecule visualization



How it is part of MLS Science Objectives

Scientific objectives of MLS include quantifying upper tropospheric processes affecting climate change, and tracking recovery of the ozone layer. The measurements of water vapor are crucial for both these objectives.



How EOS MLS measures H2O

The standard water vapor product is taken from the 190 GHz retrieval. Due to the magnitude of changes with height in the upper troposphere, the vertical profile of water vapor is represented as piecewise-linear in the logarithm of water vapor mixing ratio versus logarithm of atmospheric pressure. For this reason, scientific studies using averages of MLS water vapor data should perform the averaging in logarithm of mixing ratio.

H2O Information from the Spectroscopy Database



Quick Product Information for data version v4.2

  • Swath Name: H2O
  • Status Flag: Only use profiles for which the Status field is an even number.
  • Useful Range: 316 - 0.002 hPa
  • DAAC Short Name: ML2H2O
  • Precision: Only use values for which the estimated precision is a positive number.
  • Quality Threshold: >1.45
  • Convergence Threshold: <2.0
Download EOS Aura MLS H2O v4.2 data



Publications related to the MLS H2O data product

Future Publications

  1. Dionisi, D., P. Keckhut, Y. Courcoux, A. Hauchecorne, J. Porteneuve, J.L. Baray, J. Leclair De Bellevue, H. Veremes, F. Gabarrot, G. Payen, R. Decoupes, J.P. Cammas, "Water vapor observations up to the lower stratosphere through the Raman lidar during the MAïdo LIdar Calibration Campaign", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 7, doi:10.5194/amtd-7-10361-2014, Not yet published.
  2. Wang, T., A.E. Dessler, M.R. Schoeberl, W.J. Randel, J.E. Kim, "The impact of temperature resolution on trajectory modeling of stratospheric water vapour", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 14, 29209, doi:10.5194/acpd-14-29209-2014, Not yet published.
  3. Wang, Y., H. Su, J.H. Jiang, N.J. Livesey, M.L. Santee, P.C. Stek, L. Froidevaux, W.G. Read, J. Anderson, "The Role of the Stratospheric Water Vapor in Global Warming", Geophysical Research Letters, Not yet published.

2015

  1. Fiedler, J., G. Baumgarten, U. Berger, A. Gabriel, R. Latteck, F.J. Lübken, "On the early onset of the NLC season 2013 as observed at ALOMAR", Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2014.07.011, 2015.
  2. Huang, L., J.H. Jiang, Z. Wang, H. Su, M. Deng, S. Massie, "Climatology of Cloud Water Content Associated with Different Cloud Types Observed by A-Train Satellites", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, doi:10.1002/2014JD022779, 2015. reprint
  3. Kawatani, Y., J.N. Lee, K. Hamilton, "Interannual variations of stratospheric water vapor in MLS observations and climate model simulations", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-14-0164.1, 2015.
  4. Liu, X., J. Yue, J. Xu, W. Yuan, J. Russell, M. Hervig, "Five-day waves in polar stratosphere and mesosphere temperature and mesospheric ice water measured by SOFIE/AIM", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, 9, 3872-3887, doi:10.1002/2015jd023119, 2015. reprint
  5. Minschwaner, K., G.L. Manney, "Derived Methane in the Stratosphere and Lower Mesosphere from Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Measurements of Nitrous Oxide, Water Vapor, and Carbon Monoxide", Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry,2015.
  6. Schwartz, M.J., G.L. Manney, M.I. Hegglin, N.J. Livesey, M.L. Santee, W.H. Daffer, "Climatology and variability of trace gases in extratropical double-tropopause regions from MLS, HIRDLS, and ACE-FTS measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 120, 843-867, doi:10.1002/2014JD021964, 2015.
  7. Tschanz, B., N. Kämpfer, "Signatures of the 2-day wave and sudden stratospheric warmings in Arctic water vapour observed by ground-based microwave radiometry", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 15, 9, 5099-5108, doi:10.5194/acp-15-5099-2015, 2015. reprint
  8. Vergados, P., A. Mannucci, C. Ao, J.H. Jiang, H. Su, "On the comparisons of tropical relative humidity in the lower and middle troposphere among COSMIC radio occultations and MERRA and ECMWF data sets ", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 8, 1789-1797, doi:10.5194/amt-8-1789-2015, 2015. reprint

2014

  1. Bhawar, R.L., J.H. Jiang, H. Su, M.J. Schwartz, "Variation of upper tropospheric clouds and water vapour over the Indian Ocean", International Journal of Climatology 34, 15, 3840-3848, doi:10.1002/joc.3942, 2014. reprint
  2. Blunden, J., D.S. Arndt, "State of the Climate in 2013", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 95, S1-S257, 2014.
  3. Carminati, F., P. Ricaud, J.P. Pommereau, E. Riviere, S. Khaykin, J.L. Attie, J. Warner, "Impact of tropical land convection on the water vapour budget in the tropical tropopause layer", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, 6195–6211, doi:10.5194/acp-14-6195-2014, 2014. reprint
  4. Dessler, A.E., M.R. Schoeberl, T. Wang, M. Davis, K.H. Rosenlof, J.P. Vernier, "Variations of stratospheric water vapor over the past three decades", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, 22, 12588–12598, doi:10.1002/2014JD021712, 2014. reprint
  5. Dolinar, E.K., X. Dong, B. Xi, J.H. Jiang, H. Su, "Evaluation of CMIP5 simulated clouds and TOA radiation budgets using NASA satellite observations", Climate Dynamics, doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2158-9, 2014. reprint
  6. Engel, I., B.P. Luo, S.M. Khaykin, F.G. Wienhold, H. Vomel, R. Kivi, C.R. Hoyle, J.U. Grooss, M.C. Pitts, T. Peter, "Arctic stratospheric dehydration – Part 2: Microphysical modeling", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, 3231-3246, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3231-2014, 2014. reprint
  7. Hegglin, M.I., D.A. Plummer, T.G. Shepherd, J.F. Scinocca, J. Anderson, L. Froidevaux, B. Funke, D. Hurst, A. Rozanov, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, K.A. Walker, H.J. Wang, S. Tegtmeier, K. Weigel, "Vertical structure of stratospheric water vapour trends derived from merged satellite data", Nature Geoscience 7, doi:10.1038/ngeo2236, 2014. reprint
  8. Jain, S., A.R. Jain, T.K. Mandal, "Dry phase of tropical lower stratospheric water vapor: Role of the BDC, convection, and ozone variability", Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 121, 257-270, doi:10.1016/j.jasp.2014.08.018, 2014. reprint
  9. Neu, J.L., T. Flury, G.L. Manney, M.L. Santee, N.J. Livesey, J. Worden, "Tropospheric ozone variations governed by changes in stratospheric circulation", Nature Geoscience 7, 340-344, doi:10.1038/ngeo2138, 2014. reprint
  10. Pertsev, N., P. Dalin, V. Perminov, V. Romejko, A. Dubietis, R. Balčiunas, K. Černis, M. Zalcik, "Noctilucent clouds observed from the ground: sensitivity to mesospheric parameters and long-term time series", Earth, Planets and Space 66, 98, doi:10.1186/1880-5981-66-98, 2014. reprint
  11. Rong, P.P., J.M. Russell, C.E. Randall, S.M. Bailey, A. Lambert, "Northern PMC brightness zonal variability and its correlation with temperature and water vapor", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, 5, 2390, doi:10.1002/2013JD020513, 2014. reprint
  12. Saha, U., A. Maitra, "Effects on stratospheric moistening by rates of change of aerosol optical depth and ozone due to solar activity in extra-tropics", Indian Journal of Physics 88, 11, 1117-1126, doi:10.1007/s12648-014-0563-x, 2014. reprint
  13. Scheiben, D., B. Tschanz, K. Hocke, N. Kämpfer, S. Ka, J.J. Oh, "The quasi 16-day wave in mesospheric water vapor during boreal winter 2011/2012", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14, 6511, doi:10.5194/acp-14-6511-2014, 2014. reprint
  14. Stanfield, R.E., X. Dong, B. Xi, A. Kennedy, A.D.D. Genio, P. Minnis, J.H. Jiang, "Assessment of NASA GISS CMIP5 and Post-CMIP5 Simulated Clouds and TOA Radiation Budgets Using Satellite Observations: Part I: Cloud fraction and properties", Journal of Climate, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00558.1, 2014. reprint
  15. Su, H., J.H. Jiang, C. Zhai, T.J. Shen, J.D. Neelin, G.L. Stephens, L.Y. Yung, "Weakening and Strengthening Structures in the Hadley Circulation Change under Global Warming and Implications for Cloud Response and Climate Sensitivity ", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 119, 10, 5787–5805, doi:10.1002/2014JD021642, 2014. reprint
  16. Uma, K.N., S.K. Das, S.S. Das, "A Climatological Perspective of Water Vapor at the UTLS Region over Different Global Monsoon Regions: Observations Inferred from the Aura-MLS and Reanalysis Data", Climate Dynamics 43, 407-420, doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2085-9, 2014. reprint
  17. Urban, J., S. Lossow, G. Stiller, W. Read, "Another Drop in Water Vapor", EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union 95, 27, 245-252, 2014.
  18. Yan, X., X. Zheng, X. Zhou, H. Vomel, J. Song, L. Wei, Y. Ma, Y. Zhang, "Validation of Aura Microwave Limb Sounder water vapor and ozone profiles over the Tibetan Plateau and its adjacent region during boreal summer", Science China Earth Sciences, 1-15, doi:10.1007/s11430-014-5014-1, 2014. reprint

2013

  1. Berthet, G., J.B. Renard, M.G. Durry, B. Gaubicher, N. Amarouche, "Balloon-borne observations of mid-latitude stratospheric water vapour: comparisons with HALOE and MLS satellite data", Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry 70, 197, doi:10.1007/s10874-013-9264-7, 2013. reprint
  2. Blunden, J., D.S. Arndt, "State of the Climate in 2012", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 94, S1-S238, 2013.
  3. Brakebusch, M., C.E. Randall, D.E. Kinnison, S. Tilmes, M.L. Santee, G.L. Manney, "Evaluation of Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model simulations of ozone during Arctic winter 2004–2005", Journal of Geophysical Research 118, 6, 2673-2688, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50226, 2013. reprint
  4. Dalin, P., M. Connors, I. Schofield, A. Dubietis, N. Pertsev, V. Perminov, M. Zalcik, A. Zadorozhny, T. McEwan, I. McEachran, J. Gronne, O. Hansen, H. Andersen, S. Frandsen, D. Melnikov, V. Romejko, I. Grigoryev, "First common volume ground-based and space measurements of the mesospheric front in noctilucent clouds", Geophysical Research Letters 40, 24, 6399-6404, doi:10.1002/2013GL058553, 2013. reprint
  5. Dessler, A.E., M.R. Shoeberl, T. Wang, S.M. Davis, K.H. Rosenlof, "Stratospheric water vapor feedback", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110, 45, 18087-18091, doi:10.1073/pnas.1310344110, 2013. reprint
  6. Evan, S., K.H. Rosenlof, J. Dudhia, B. Hassler, S.M. Davis, "The representation of the TTL in a tropical channel version of the WRF model", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, 7, 2835-2848, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50288, 2013. reprint
  7. Fueglistaler, S., Y.S. Liu, T.J. Flannaghan, P.H. Haynes, D.P. Dee, W.J. Read, E.E. Remsberg, L.W. Thomason, D.F. Hurst, J.R. Lanzante, P.F. Bernath, "The relation between atmospheric humidity and temperature trends for stratospheric water", Journal of Geophysical Research,2013.
  8. Hegglin, M.I., S. Tegtmeier, J. Anderson, L. Froidevaux, R. Fuller, B. Funke, A. Jones, G. Lingenfelser, J. Lumpe, D. Pendlebury, E. Remsberg, A. Rozanov, M. Toohey, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, K.A. Walker, R. Wang, K. Weigel, "SPARC Data Initiative: Comparison of water vapor climatologies from international satellite limb sounders", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, 20, 11824-11846, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50752, 2013. reprint
  9. Jain, S., A.R. Jain, T.K. Mandal, "Role of convection in hydration of tropical UTLS: implication of AURA MLS long-term observations", Annales Geophysicae 31, 967-981, doi:10.5194/angeo-31-967-2013, 2013. reprint
  10. Khaykin, S.M., I. Engel, H. Vomel, I.M. Formanyuk, R. Kivi, L.I. Korshunov, M. Kramer, A.D. Lykov, S. Meier, T. Naebert, M.C. Pitts, M.L. Santee, N. Spelten, F.G. Wienhold, V.A. Yushkov, T. Peter, "Arctic stratospheric dehydration – Part 1: Unprecedented observation of vertical redistribution of water", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, 11503-11517, 2013.
  11. Nedoluha, G.E., R.M. Gomez, H. Neal, A. Lambert, D. Hurst, C. Boone, G. Stiller, "Validation of long-term measurements of water vapor from the midstratosphere to the mesosphere at two Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change sites", Journal of Geophysical Research 118, 2, 934-942, doi:10.1029/2012JD018900, 2013. reprint
  12. Nedoluha, G.E., R.M. Gomez, D.R. Allen, A. Lambert, C. Boone, G. Stiller, "Variations in middle atmospheric water vapor from 2004 to 2013", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, 19, 11285-11293, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50834, 2013. reprint
  13. Pitts, M.C., L.R. Poole, A. Lambert, L.W. Thomason, "An assessment of CALIOP polar stratospheric cloud composition classification", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, 6, 2975-2988, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2975-2013, 2013., 2013. reprint
  14. Ploeger, F., G. Guenther, P. Konopka, S. Fueglistaler, R. Mueller, C. Hoppe, A. Kunz, R. Spang, J.U. Grooß, M. Riese, "Horizontal water vapor transport in the lower stratosphere from subtropics to high latitudes during boreal summer", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50636, 2013. reprint
  15. Santee, M.L., N.J. Livesey, G.L. Manney, A. Lambert, W.G. Read, "Methyl chloride from the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder: First global climatology and assessment of variability in the upper troposphere and stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, 24, 13532-13560, doi:10.1002/2013JD020235, 2013. reprint
  16. Schwartz, M.J., W.J. Read, M.L. Santee, N.J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, G.L. Manney, "Convectively Injected Water Vapor in the North American Summer Lowermost Stratosphere", Geophysical Research Letters 40, 10, 2316–2321, doi:10.1002/grl.50421, 2013. reprint
  17. Su, H., J.H. Jiang, C. Zhai, V.S. Perun, J.T. Shen, A.D. Genio, L.S. Nazarenko, L.J. Donner, L. Horowitz, C. Seman, C. Morcrette, J. Petch, M. Ringer, J. Cole, M. Mesquita, T. Iversen, J.E. Kristjansson, A. Gettelman, L. Rotstayn, S. Jeffrey, J.L. Dufresne, M. Watanabe, H. Kawai, T. Koshiro, T. Wu, E.M. Volodin, T. L'Ecuyer, J. Teixeira, G.L. Stephens, "Diagnosis of Regime-dependent Cloud Simulation Errors in CMIP5 Models Using A-Train Satellite Observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 118, 7, 2762-2780, doi:10.1029/2012JD018575, 2013. reprint
  18. Su, H., J.H. Jiang, "Tropical Clouds and Circulation Changes During the 2006-07 and 2009-10 El Niños", Journal of Climate 26, 2, 399-413, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00152.1, 2013. reprint
  19. Takahashi, H., H. Su, J.H. Jiang, Z.J. Luo, S.P. Xie, J. Hafner, "Tropical water vapor variations during the 2006–2007 and 2009–2010 El Niños: Satellite observation and GFDL AM2.1 simulation", Journal of Geophysical Research 118, 16, 8910–8920, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50684, 2013. reprint
  20. Toohey, M., M.I. Hegglin, S. Tegtmeier, J. Anderson, J.A. Añel, A. Bourassa, S. Brohede, D. Degenstein, L. Froidevaux, R. Fuller, B. Funke, J. Gille, A. Jones, Y. Kasai, K. Krüger, E. Kyrölä, J.L. Neu, A. Rozanov, L. Smith, J. Urban, T. von Clarmann, K.A. Walker, R. Wang, "Characterizing sampling biases in the trace gas climatologies of the SPARC Data Initiative", Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50874, 2013. reprint
  21. Tschanz, B., C. Straub, D. Scheiben, K.A. Walker, G.P. Stiller, N. Kämpfer, "Validation of middle-atmospheric campaign-based water vapour measured by the ground-based microwave radiometer MIAWARA-C, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 6, 7, 1725-1745, doi:10.5194/amt-6-1725-2013, 2013. reprint
  22. Wohltmann, I., T. Wegner, R. Mueller, R. Lehmann, M. Rex, G.L. Manney, M.L. Santee, P. Bernath, O. Suminska-Ebersoldt, F. Strohl, M. von Hobe, C.M. Volk, E. Hoesen, F. Ravegnani, A. Ulanovsky, V. Yushkov, "Uncertainties in modelling heterogeneous chemistry and Arctic ozone depletion in the winter 2009/2010", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 13, 3909-3929, doi:10.5194/acp-13-3909-2013, 2013. reprint

2012

  1. Azam, F., K. Bramstedt, A. Rozanov, K. Weigel, H. Bovensmann, G.P. Stiller, J.P. Burrows, "SCIAMACHY lunar occultation water vapor measurements: retrieval and validation results", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 5, 2499-2513, doi:10.5194/amt-5-2499-2012, 2012. reprint
  2. Blessmann, D., I. Wohldmann, R. Lehmann, M. Rex, "Persistence of ozone anomalies in the Arctic stratospheric vortex in autumn", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 4817-4823, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4817-2012, 2012. reprint
  3. Blunden, J., D.S. Arndt, "State of the Climate in 2011", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 93, S1--S264, 2012.
  4. Chandran, A., D.W. Rusch, G.E. Thomas, S.E. Palo, G. Baumgarten, E.J. Jensen, A.W. Merkel, "Atmospheric gravity wave effects on polar mesospheric clouds: A comparison of numerical simulations from CARMA 2D with AIM observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 117, D20104, doi:10.1029/2012JD017794, 2012. reprint
  5. Flury, T., D.L. Wu, W.G. Read, "Correlation among cirrus ice content, water vapor, and temperature in the TTL as observed by CALIPSO and Aura/MLS", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 683--691, doi:10.5194/acp-12-683-2012, 2012. reprint
  6. Flury, T., D.L. Wu, W.G. Read, "Variability of the Brewer-Dobson circulation", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions 12, 21291-21320, doi:10.5194/acpd-12-21291-2012, 2012. reprint
  7. Huang, L., R. Fu, J.H. Jiang, J.S. Wright, M. Luo, "Geographic and seasonal distributions of CO transport pathways and their roles in determining CO centers in the upper troposphere", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 4683–4698, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4683-2012, 2012. reprint
  8. Jiang, J.H., H. Su, C. Zhai, V.S. Perun, A. Del Genio, L.S. Nazarenko, L.J. Donner, L. Horowitz, C. Seman, J. Cole, A. Gettelman, M. Ringer, L. Rotstayn, S. Jeffrey, T. Wu, F. Brient, J-L. Dufresne, H. Kawai, T. Koshiro, M. Watanabe, T.S. LÉcuyer, E.M. Volodin, T. Iversen, H. Drange, M.S. Mesquita, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, B. Tian, J. Teixeira, G.L. Stephens, "Evaluation of Cloud and Water Vapor Simulations in CMIP5 Climate Models Using NASA A-Train Satellite Observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 117, D1410, 24 PP, doi:10.1029/2011JD017237, 2012. reprint
  9. Johnston, M.S., P. Eriksson, S. Eliasson, C.G. Jones, R.M. Forbes, D.P. Murtagh, "The representation of tropical upper tropospheric water in EC Earth V2", Climate Dynamics 39, 2713-2731, doi:10.1007/s00382-012-1511-0, 2012. reprint
  10. Jones, A., K.A. Walker, J.J. Jin, J.R. Taylor, C.D. Boone, P.F. Bernath, S. Brohede, G.L. Manney, S. McLeod, R. Hughes, W.H. Daffer, "Technical Note: A trace gas climatology derived from the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer ACE-FTS data set", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 5207-5220, doi:10.5194/acp-12-5207-2012, 2012. reprint
  11. Ploeger, F., P. Konopka, R. Muller, S. Fueglistaler, T. Schmidt, J.C. Manners, J.U. Grooss, G. Gunther, P.M. Forster, M. Riese, "Horizontal transport affecting trace gas seasonality in the Tropical Tropopause Layer TTL", Journal of Geophysical Research 117, D09303, doi:10.1029/2011JD017267, 2012. reprint
  12. Rong, P.P., J.M. Russell, M.E. Hervig, S.M. Bailey, "The roles of temperature and water vapor at different stages of the polar mesospheric cloud season", Journal of Geophysical Research 117, D04208, doi:10.1029/2011JD016464, 2012. reprint
  13. Scheiben, D., C. Straub, K. Hocke, N. Kampfer, "Observations of middle atmospheric H2O and O3 during the 2010 major sudden stratospheric warming by a network of microwave radiometers", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 16, 7753--7765, doi:10.5194/acp-12-7753-2012, 2012. reprint
  14. Shapiro, A.V., E. Rozanov, A.I. Shapiro, S. Wang, T. Egorova, W. Schmutz, Th. Peter, "Signature of the 27-day solar rotation cycle in mesospheric OH and H2O observed by the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 3181-3188, doi:10.5194/acp-12-3181-2012, 2012. reprint
  15. Stiller, G.P., M. Kiefer, E. Eckert, T. von Clarmann, S. Kellmann, M. Garcia-Comas, B. Funke, T. Leblanc, E. Fetzer, L. Froidevaux, M. Gomez, E. Hall, D. Hurst, A. Jordan, N. Kampfer, A. Lambert, I.S. McDermid, T. McGee, L. Miloshevich, G. Nedoluha, W. Read, M. Schneider, M. Schwartz, C. Straub, G. Toon, L.W. Twigg, K. Walker, D.N. Whiteman, "Validation of MIPAS IMK/IAA temperature, water vapor, and ozone profiles with MOHAVE-2009 campaign measurements", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 5, 289-320, doi:10.5194/amt-5-289-2012, 2012. reprint
  16. Straub, C., B. Tschanz, K. Hocke, N. Kampfer, A.K. Smith, "Transport of mesospheric H2O during and after the stratospheric sudden warming of January 2010: observation and simulation", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 5413-5427, doi:10.5194/acp-12-5413-2012, 2012. reprint
  17. Wu, L., H. Su, J.H. Jiang, W.G. Read, "Hydration or dehydration: competing effects of upper tropospheric cloud radiation on the TTL water vapor", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 12, 7727-7735, doi:10.5194/acp-12-7727-2012, 2012. reprint
  18. Yi, M., Y. Fu, P. Liu, Z. Heng, Y. Gao, X. Hong, "Analysis of the variation of atmospheric composition in the upper troposphere during a strong convection in eastern China in summer", Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 36, 5, doi:10.3878/j.issn.1006-9895.2012.11124, 2012.

2011

  1. Alexander, S.P., A.R. Klekociuk, M.C. Pitts, A.J. McDonald, A. Arevalo-Torres, "The effect of orographic gravity waves on Antarctic polar stratospheric cloud occurrence and composition", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D06109, doi:10.1029/2010JD015184, 2011. reprint
  2. Bhawar, R.L., J.H. Jiang, H. Su, "Variation of upper tropospheric clouds and water vapor over the Indian ocean", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 11, 21769-21787, doi:10.5194/acpd-11-21769-2011, 2011. reprint
  3. Chae, J.H., D.L. Wu, W.G. Read, S.C. Sherwood, "The role of tropical deep convective clouds on temperature, water vapor, and dehydration in the tropical tropopause layer TTL", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 3811--3821, doi:10.5194/acp-11-3811-2011, 2011. reprint
  4. Das, S.K., C-W. Chiang, J-B. Nee, "Influence of tropical easterly jet on upper tropical cirrus: An observational study from CALIPSO, Aura-MLS and NCEP/NCAR data", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D12204, doi:10.1029/2011JD015923, 2011. reprint
  5. Kishore, P., M.V. Ratnam, S.P. Namboothiri, I. Velicogna, G. Basha, J.H. Jiang, K. Igarashi, S.V.B. Rao, V. Sivakumar, "Global 501S­501N distribution of water vapor observed by COSMIC GPS RO: Comparison with GPS radiosonde, NCEP, ERA-Interim, and JRA-25 reanalysis data sets", Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 73, 1849-1860, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2011.04.017, 2011. reprint
  6. Kohma, M., K. Sato, "The effects of atmospheric waves on the amounts of polar stratospheric clodus", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 11535-11552, doi:10.5194/acp-11-11535-2011, 2011. reprint
  7. Laat, A.T.J.d., M. van Weele, "The 2010 Antarctic ozone hole: Observed reduction in ozone destruction by minor sudden stratospheric warmings", Scientific Reports 1, 38, 1-8, doi:10.1038/srep00038, 2011. reprint
  8. Lahoz, W.A., Q. Errera, S. Viscardy, G.L. Manney, "The 2009 stratospheric major warming described from synergistic use of BASCOE water vapour analyses and MLS observations", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 4689-4703, doi:10.5194/acp-11-4689-2011, 2011. reprint
  9. Lee, J.N., D.L. Wu, G.L. Manney, M.J. Schwartz, A. Lambert, N.J. Livesey, K.R. Minschwaner, H.C. Pumphrey, W.G. Read, "Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Observations of the Polar Middle Atmosphere: Dynamics and Transport of CO and H2O", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D5, D05110, doi:10.1029/2010JD014608, 2011. reprint
  10. Liang, C.K., A. Eldering, A. Gettelman, B. Tian, S. Wong, E.J. Fetzer, K.N. Liou, "Record of tropical interannual variability of temperature and water vapor from a combined AIRS-MLS data set", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D06103, doi:10.1029/2010JD014841, 2011. reprint
  11. Manney, G.L., M.L. Santee, M. Rex, N.J. Livesey, M.C. Pitts, P. Veefkind, E.R. Nash, I. Wohltmann, R. Lehmann, L. Froidevaux, L.R. Poole, M.R. Schoeberl, D.P. Haffner, J. Davies, V. Dorokhov, H. Gernandt, B. Johnson, R. Kivi, E. Kyro, N. Larsen, P.F. Levelt, A. Makshtas, C.T. McElroy, H. Nakajima, M.C. Parrondo, D.W. Tarasick, P.D. von Gathen, K.A. Walker, N.S. Zinoviev, "Unprecedented Arctic ozone loss in 2011", Nature 478, 469–475, doi:10.1038/nature10556, 2011. reprint
  12. Minschwaner, K.R., G.L. Manney, S.H. Wang, R.S. Harwood, "Hydroxyl in the stratosphere and mesosphere - Part 1: Diurnal variability", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 955-962, doi:10.5194/acp-11-955-2011, 2011. reprint
  13. Nedoluha, G.E., R.M. Gomez, B.C. Hicks, J. Helmboldt, R.M. Bevilacqua, A. Lambert, "Ground-based microwave measurements of water vapor from the midstratosphere to the mesosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D0230, doi:10.1029/2010JD014728 , 2011. reprint
  14. Pumphrey, H.C., M.L. Santee, N.J. Livesey, M.J. Schwartz, W.G. Read, "Microwave Limb Sounder observations of biomass-burning products from the Australian bush fires of February 2009", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 2, 6285-6296, doi:10.5194/acp-11-6285-2011, 2011. reprint
  15. Pumphrey, H.C., A. Lambert, N.J. Livesey, "Observation of the exhaust plume from the space shuttle main engines using the microwave limb sounder", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 4, 1, 89-95, doi:10.5194/amt-4-89-2011, 2011. reprint
  16. Russo, M.R., V. Marecal, C.R. Hoyle, J. Arteta, C. Chemel, M.P. Chipperfield, O. Dessens, W. Feng, J.S. Hosking, P.J. Telford, O. Wild, X. Yang, J.A. Pyle, "Representation of tropical deep convection in atmospheric models - Part 1: Meteorology and comparison with satellite observations", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 11, 2765-2786, doi:10.5194/acp-11-2765-2011, 2011. reprint
  17. Straub, C., A. Murk, N. Kampfer, S.H.W. Golchert, G. Hochschild, K. Hallgren, P. Hartogh, "ARIS-Campaign: intercomparison of three ground based 22 GHz radiometers for middle atmospheric water vapor at the Zugspitze in winter 2009", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 4, 1979-1994, doi:10.5194/amt-4-1979-2011, 2011. reprint
  18. Su, H., J.H. Jiang, X. Liu, J.E. Penner, W.G. Read, S.T. Massie, M.R. Schoeberl, P. Colarco, N.J. Livesey, M.L. Santee, "Observed Increase of TTL Temperature and Water Vapor in Polluted Clouds over Asia", Journal of Climate 24, 11, 2728-2736, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3749.1, 2011. reprint
  19. Thieblemont, R., N. Huret, Y.J. Orsolini, A. Hauchecoren, M.A. Drouin, "Frozen‐in anticyclones occurring in polar Northern Hemisphere during springtime: Characterization, occurrence and link with quasi‐biennial oscillation", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D20110, doi:10.1029/2011JD016042, 2011. reprint
  20. Tian, W., H. Tian, S. Dhomse, W. Feng, "A study of upper troposphere and lower stratosphere water vapor above the Tibetan Plateau using AIRS and MLS data", Atmospheric Science Letters 12, 2, 233-239, doi:10.1002/asl.319, 2011. reprint
  21. Wright, J.S., R. Fu, S. Fueglistaler, Y.S. Liu, Y. Zhang, "The influence of summertime convection over Southeast Asia on water vapor in the tropical stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D12302, doi:10.1029/2010JD015416, 2011. reprint
  22. Zelinka, M.D., D.L. Hartmann, "The observed sensitivity of high clouds to mean surface temperature anomalies in the tropics", Journal of Geophysical Research 116, D23103, doi:10.1029/2011JD016459, 2011. reprint

2010

  1. Damiani, A., M. Storini, C. Rafanelli, P. Diego, "The hydroxyl radical as an indicator of SEP fluxes in the high-latitude terrestrial atmosphere", Advances in Space Research 46, 9, 1225-1235, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2010.06.022, 2010. reprint
  2. Eguchi, N., K. Kodera, "Impacts of Stratospheric Sudden Warming Event on Tropical Clouds and Moisture Fields in the TTL: A Case Study", SOLA 6, 137-140, doi:10.2151/sola.2010-035, 2010. reprint
  3. Eriksson, P., B. Rydberg, M. Johnston, D.P. Murtagh, H. Struthers, S. Farrachat, U. Lohmann, "Diurnal variations of humidity and ice water content in the tropical upper troposphere", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, 11519-11533, doi:10.5194/acp-10-11519-2010, 2010. reprint
  4. Jiang, J.H., H. Su, S. Pawson, H.C. Liu, W. Read, J.W. Waters, M. Santee, D.L. Wu, M. Schwartz, N. Livesey, A. Lambert, R. Fuller, J.N. Lee, "Five-year (2004-2009) Observations of Upper Tropospheric Water Vapor and Cloud Ice from MLS and Comparisons with GEOS-5 analyses", Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D15103, doi:10.1029/2009JD013256, 2010. reprint
  5. L'Ecuyer, T.S., J.H. Jiang, "Touring the atmosphere aboard the A-Train", Physics Today 63, 7, 36-41, doi:10.1063/1.3463626, 2010. reprint
  6. Liang, C.K., A. Eldering, F.W. Irion, W.G. Read, E.J. Fetzer, B.H. Kahn, K-N. Liou, "Characterization of mereged AIRS and MLS water vapor sensitivity through integration of averaging kernels and retrievals", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions 3, 4, 2833-2859, doi:10.5194/amtd-3-2833-2010, 2010. reprint
  7. Liu, Y.S., S. Fueglistaler, P.H. Haynes, "Advection-condensation paradigm for stratospheric water vapor", Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D24307, doi:10.1029/2010JD014352, 2010. reprint
  8. Massie, S.T., J.C. Gille, C. Craig, R. Khosravi, J. Barnett, W. Read, D. Winker, "HIRDLS and CALIPSO observations of tropical cirrus", Journal of Geophysical Research 114, D00H11, doi:10.1029/2009JD012100, 2010. reprint
  9. Minschwaner, K., G.L. Manney, N.J. Livesey, H.C. Pumphrey, H.M. Pickett, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, M.J. Schwartz, P.F. Bernath, K.A. Walker, C.D. Boone, "The photochemistry of carbon monoxide in the stratosphere and mesosphere evaluated from observations by the Microwave Limb Sounder on the Aura satellite", Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D13303, doi:10.1029/2009JD012654, 2010. reprint
  10. Ott, L., B. Duncan, S. Pawson, P. Colarco, M. Chin, C. Randles, T. Diehl, E. Nielsen, "Influence of the 2006 Indonesian biomass burning aerosols on tropical dynamics studies with the GEOS-5 AGCM", Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D14121, doi:10.1029/2009JD013181, 2010. reprint
  11. Robert, C.E., C. von Savigny, N. Rahpoe, H. Bovensmann, J.P. Burrows, M.T. DeLand, M.J. Schwartz, "First evidence of a 27 day solar signature in noctilucent cloud occurrence frequency", Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D00I12, doi:10.1029/2009JD012359, 2010. reprint
  12. Rong, P., J.M. Russell, L.L. Gordley, M.E. Hervig, L. Deaver, P.F. Bernath, K.A. Walker, "Validation of v1.22 mesospheric water vapor observed by the Solar Occultation for Ice Experiment instrument on the Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere satellite", Journal of Geophysical Research 115, D24314, doi:10.1029/2010JD014269, 2010. reprint
  13. Shettle, E.P., G.E. Nedoluha, M.T. DeLand, G.E. Thomas, J.J. Olivero, "SBUV observations of polar mesospheric clouds compared with MLS temperature and water vapor measurements", Geophysical Research Letters 37, L18810, doi:10.1029/2010GL044132, 2010. reprint
  14. Solomon, S., K.H. Rosenlof, R.W. Portmann, J.S. Daniel, S.M. Davis, T.J. Sanford, G-K. Plattner, "Contributions of Stratospheric Water Vapor to Decadal Changes in the Rate of Global Warming", Science 327, 1219-1223, doi:10.1126/science.1182488, 2010. reprint
  15. Straub, C., A. Murk, N. Kampfer, "MIAWARA-C, a new ground based water vapor radiometer for measurement campaigns", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 3, 1271-1285, doi:10.5194/amt-3-1271-2010, 2010. reprint
  16. Takashima, H., N. Eguchi, W. Read, "A short-duration cooling event around the tropical tropopause and its effect on water vapor", Geophysical Research Letters 37, L20804, doi:10.1029/2010GL044505, 2010. reprint
  17. Thomason, L.W., J.R. Moore, M.C. Pitts, J.M. Zawodny, E.W. Chiou, "An evaluation of the SAGE III Version 4 aerosol extinction coefficient and water vapor data products", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 10, 2159-2173, doi:10.5194/acp-10-2159-2010, 2010. reprint
  18. Van Thien, L., W.A. Gallus Jr, M.A. Olsen, N. Livesey, "Comparison of Aura MLS Water Vapor Measurements with GFS and NAM Analyses in the Upper Troposphere-Lower Stratosphere", Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 27, 274-289, doi:10.1175/2009JTECHA1317.1, 2010. reprint

2009

  1. Dessler, A.E., "Clouds and water vapor in the Northern Hemisphere summertime stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D00H09, doi:10.1029/2009JD012075, 2009. reprint
  2. Eckermann, S.D., K.W. Hoppel, L. Coy, J.P. McCormack, D.E. Sisskind, K. Nielsen, A. Kochenash, M.H. Stevens, C.R. Englert, W. Singer, M. Hervig, "High-altitude data assimilation system experiments for the northern summer mesosphere season of 2007", Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 71, 531-551, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.09.036 , 2009. reprint
  3. Flury, T., K. Hocke, A. Haefele, N. Kampfer, R. Lehmann, "Ozone depletion, water vapor increase, and PSC generation at midlatitudes by the 2008 major stratospheric warming", Journal of Geophysical Research 114, D18302, doi:10.1029/2009JD011940, 2009. reprint
  4. Fueglistaler, S., A.E. Dessler, T.J. Dunkerton, I. Folkins, Q. Fu, P.W. Mote, "The Tropical Tropopause Layer", Reviews of Geophysics 47, RG1004, doi:10.1029/2008RG000267, 2009. reprint
  5. Haefele, A., E. De Wachter, K. Hocke, N. Kampfer, G.E. Nedoluha, R.M. Gomez, P. Eriksson, P. Forkman, A. Lambert, M.J. Schwartz, "Validation of ground-based microwave radiometers at 22 GHz for stratospheric and mesospheric water vapor", Journal of Geophysical Research 114, D23305, doi:10.1029/2009JD011997 , 2009. reprint
  6. Hegglin, M.I., C.D. Boone, G.L. Manney, K.A. Walker, "A global view of the extratropical tropopause transition layer from Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer O3, H2O, and CO", Journal of Geophysical Research 114, D00B11, doi:10.1029/2008JD009984, 2009. reprint
  7. Jones, A., J. Urban, D.P. Murtagh, P. Eriksson, S. Brohede, C. Haley, D. Degenstein, A. Bourassa, C. von Savigny, T. Sonkaew, A. Rozanov, H. Bovensmann, J. Burrows, "Evolution of stratospheric ozone and water vapour time series studied with satellite measurements", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 6055-6075, doi:10.5194/acp-9-6055-2009, 2009. reprint
  8. Liu, C., E.J. Zipser, "Implications of the day versus night differences of water vapor, carbon monoxide, and thin cloud observations near the tropical tropopause", Journal of Geophysical Research 114, D09303, doi:10.1029/2008JD011524, 2009. reprint
  9. Manney, G.L., M.J. Schwartz, K. Krueger, M.L. Santee, S. Pawson, J.N. Lee, W.H. Daffer, R.A. Fuller, N.J. Livesey, "Aura Microwave Limb Sounder Observations of Dynamics and Transport During the Record-breaking 2009 Arctic Stratospheric Major Warming", Geophysical Research Letters 36, doi:10.1029/2009GL038586, 2009. reprint
  10. Manney, G.L., R.S. Harwood, I.A. MacKenzie, K. Minschwaner, D.R. Allen, M.L. Santee, K.A. Walker, M.I. Hegglin, A. Lambert, H.C. Pumphrey, P.F. Bernath, C.D. Boone, M.J. Schwartz, N.J. Livesey, W.H. Daffer, R.A. Fuller, "Satellite Observations and Modelling of Transport in the Upper Troposphere through the Lower Mesosphere During the 2006 Major Stratospheric Sudden Warming", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 4775-4795, doi:10.5194/acp-9-4775-2009, 2009. reprint
  11. Morris, R.J., A.R. Klekociuk, R. Latteck, W. Singer, D.A. Holdsworth, D.J. Murphy, "Inter-hemispheric asymmetry in polar mesosphere summer echoes and temperature at 69<°> latitude", Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics 71, 464-469, doi:10.1016/j.jastp.2008.09.042, 2009. reprint
  12. Pittman, J.V., T.G. Chronis, F.R. Robertson, T.L. Miller, "Electrification in Hurricanes: Implications for Water Vapor in the Tropical Tropopause Layer", Hurricanes and Climate Change, 21-34, doi:10.1007/978-0-387-09410-6_2, 2009. reprint
  13. Pitts, M.C., L.R. Poole, L.W. Thomason, "CALIPSO polar stratospheric cloud observations: second-generation detection algorithm and composition discrimination", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 7577-7589, doi:10.5194/acp-9-7577-2009, 2009. reprint
  14. Remsberg, E.E., M. Natarajan, G.S. Lingenfelser, R.E. Thompson, B.T. Marshall, L.L. Gordley, "On the quality of the Nimbus 7 LIMS Version 6 water vapor profiles and distributions", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 9155-9167, doi:10.5194/acp-9-9155-2009, 2009. reprint
  15. Rydberg, B., P. Eriksson, S.A. Buehler, D.P. Murtagh, "Non-Gaussian Bayesian retrieval of tropical upper tropospheric cloud ice and water vapour from Odin-SMR measurements", Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 2, 621-637, doi:10.5194/amt-2-621-2009, 2009. reprint
  16. Ryoo, J., T. Igusa, D.W. Waugh, "PDFs of Tropical Tropospheric Humidity: Measurements and Theory", Journal of Climate 22, 12, 3357-3373, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2747.1, 2009. reprint
  17. Strahan, S.E., M.R. Schoeberl, S.D. Steenrod, "The impact of tropical recirculation on polar composition", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 9, 2471-2480, doi:10.5194/acp-9-2471-2009, 2009. reprint
  18. Su, H., J.H. Jiang, G.L. Stephens, D.G. Vane, N.J. Livesey, "Radiative effects of upper tropospheric clouds observed by Aura MLS and CloudSat", Geophysical Research Letters 36, L09815, doi:10.1029/2009GL037173, 2009. reprint
  19. Weinstock, E.M., J.B. Smith, D.S. Sayres, J.V. Pittman, J.R. Spackman, E.J. Hintsa, T.F. Hanisco, E.J. Moyer, J.M. St. Clair, M.R. Sargent, J.G. Anderson, "Validation of the Harvard Lyman-alpha in situ water vapor instrument: Implications for the mechanisms that control stratospheric water vapor", Journal of Geophysical Research 114, D23301, doi:10.1029/2009JD012427, 2009. reprint

2008

  1. Barnes, J.E., T. Kaplan, H. Vomel, W.G. Read, "NASA/Aura/Microwave Limb Sounder Water Vapor Validation at Mauna Loa Observatory by Raman Lidar", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D15S03, doi:10.1029/2007JD008842, 2008. reprint
  2. Coffey, M.T., J.W. Hannigan, A. Goldman, D.E. Kinnison, J.C. Gille, J. Barnett, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, M.L. Santee, N.J. Livesey, B.M. Fisher, S.S. Kulawik, R. Beer, "Airborne Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) observations in support of EOS Aura validation", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D16S42, doi:10.1029/2007JD008833, 2008. reprint
  3. Considine, D.B., M. Natarajan, T.D. Fairlie, G.S. Lingenfelser, R.B. Pierce, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, "Noncoincident validation of Aura MLS observations using the Langley Research Center Lagrangian chemistry and transport model", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D16S33, doi:10.1029/2007JD008770, 2008. reprint
  4. Ekstrom, M., P. Eriksson, "Altitude resolved ice-fraction in the uppermost tropical troposphere", Geophysical Research Letters 35, L13822, doi:10.1029/2008GL034305, 2008. reprint
  5. Ekstrom, M., P. Eriksson, W.G. Read, M. Milz, D.P. Murtagh, "Comparison of satellite limb-sounding humidity climatologies of the uppermost tropical troposphere", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 309-320, doi:10.5194/acp-8-309-2008, 2008. reprint
  6. Fetzer, E.J., W.G. Read, D. Waliser, B.H. Kahn, B. Tian, H. Vomel, F.W. Irion, H. Su, A. Eldering, M. de la Torre Juarez, J. Jiang, V. Dang, "Comparison of upper tropospheric water vapor observations from the Microwave Limb Sounder and Atmospheric Infrared Sounder", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D22110, doi:10.1029/2008JD010000, 2008. reprint
  7. Flury, T., S.C. Muller, K. Hocke, N. Kampfer, "Water vapor transport in the lower mesosphere of the subtropics: a trajectory analysis", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 7273-7280, doi:10.5194/acp-8-7273-2008, 2008. reprint
  8. Hegglin, M.I., P.F. Bernath, C.D. Boone, W.H. Daffer, P. Hoor, G.L. Manney, C. Schiller, K. Strong, K.A. Walker, "Validation of ACE-FTS satellite date in the upper troposphere/lower stratosphere (UTLS) using non-coincident measurements", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 1483-1499, doi:10.5194/acp-8-1483-2008, 2008. reprint
  9. James, R., M. Bonazzola, B. Legras, K. Surbled, S. Fueglistaler, "Water vapor transport and dehydration above convective outflow during Asian monsoon", Geophysical Research Letters 35, L20810, doi:10.1029/2008GL035441, 2008. reprint
  10. Manney, G.L., W.H. Daffer, K.B. Strawbridge, K.A. Walker, C.D. Boone, P.F. Bernath, T. Kerzenmacher, M.J. Schwartz, K. Strong, R.J. Sica, K. Kruger, H.C. Pumphrey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, M.L. Santee, N.J. Livesey, E.E. Remsberg, M.G. Mlynczak, J.M. Russell, "The High Arctic in Extreme Winters: Vortex, Temperature, and MLS and ACE-FTS Trace Gas Evolution", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 505-522, doi:10.5194/acp-8-505-2008, 2008. reprint
  11. McCormack, J.P., K.W. Hoppel, D.E. Siskind, "Parameterization of middle atmospheric water vapor photochemistry for high-altitude NWP and data assimilation", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 7519-7532, doi:10.5194/acp-8-7519-2008, 2008. reprint
  12. Read, W.G., M.J. Schwartz, A. Lambert, H. Su, N.J. Livesey, W.H. Daffer, C.D. Boone, "The roles of convection, extratropical mixing, and in situ freeze-drying in the tropical tropopause layer", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 8, 6051-6067, doi:10.5194/acp-8-6051-2008, 2008. reprint
  13. Santee, M.L., I.A. MacKenzie, G.L. Manney, M.P. Chipperfield, P.F. Bernath, K.A. Walker, C.D. Boone, L. Froidevaux, N.J. Livesey, J.W. Waters, "A study of stratospheric chlorine partitioning based on new", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D12307, doi:10.1029/2007JD009057, 2008. reprint
  14. Schoeberl, M.R., A.R. Douglass, R.S. Stolarski, S. Pawson, S.E. Strahan, W. Read, "Comparison of lower stratospheric tropical mean vertical velocities", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D24109, doi:10.1029/2008JD010221, 2008. reprint
  15. Schoeberl, M.R., A.R. Douglass, P.A. Newman, L.R. Lait, D. Lary, J. Waters, N. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, A. Lambert, W. Read, M.J. Filipiak, H.C. Pumphrey, "QBO and Annual Cycle Variations in Tropical Lower Stratosphere Trace Gases from HALOE and Aura MLS Observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 113, D05301, doi:10.1029/2007JD008678, 2008. reprint
  16. Schwartz, M.J., D.E. Waliser, B. Tian, D.L. Wu, J.H. Jiang, W.G. Read, "Characterization of MJO-Related Upper-Tropospheric Hydrological Processes Using MLS", Geophysical Research Letters 35, L08812, doi:10.1029/2008GL033675, 2008. reprint

2007

  1. Chandra, S., J.R. Ziemke, M.R. Schoeberl, L. Froidevaux, W.G. Read, P.F. Levelt, P.K. Bhartia, "Effects of the 2004 El Nino on tropospheric ozone and water vapor", Geophysical Research Letters 34, L06802, doi:10.1029/2006GL028779, 2007. reprint
  2. Lambert, A., W.G. Read, N.J. Livesey, M.L. Santee, G.L. Manney, L. Froidevaux, D.L. Wu, M.J. Schwartz, H.C. Pumphrey, C. Jimenez, G.E. Nedoluha, R.E. Cofield, D.T. Cuddy, W.H. Daffer, B.J. Drouin, R.A. Fuller, R.F. Jarnot, B.W. Knosp, H.M. Pickett, V.S. Perun, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, R.P. Thurstans, P.A. Wagner, J.W. Waters, K.W. Jucks, G.C. Toon, R.A. Stachnik, P.F. Bernath, C.D. Boone, K.A. Walker, J. Urban, D. Murtagh, J.W. Elkins, E. Atlas, "Validation of the Aura Microwave Limb Sounder middle atmosphere water vapor and nitrous oxide measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S36, doi:10.1029/2007JD008724, 2007. reprint
  3. Liu, C., E.J. Zipster, T.J. Garrett, J.H. Jiang, H. Su, "How do the water vapor and carbon monoxide 'tape recorders' start near the tropical tropopause", Geophysical Research Letters 34, L09804, doi:10.1029/2006GL029234, 2007. reprint
  4. Manney, G.L., W.H. Daffer, J.M. Zawodny, P.F. Bernath, K.W. Hoppel, K.A. Walker, B.W. Knosp, C. Boone, E.E. Remsberg, M.L. Santee, V. Lynn Harvey, S. Pawson, D.R. Jackson, L. Deaver, C.T. McElroy, C.A. McLinden, J.R. Drummond, H.C. Pumphrey, A. Lambert, M.J. Schwartz, L. Froidevaux, S. McLeod, L.L. Takacs, M.J. Suarez, C.R. Trepte, D.T. Cuddy, N.J. Livesey, R.S. Harwood, J.W. Waters, "Solar Occultation Satellite Data and Derived Meteorological Products: Sampling Issues and Comparisons with Aura MLS", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S50, doi:10.1029/2007JD008709, 2007. reprint
  5. Nedoluha, G.E., R.M. Gomez, B.C. Hicks, R.M. Bevilacqua, J.M. Russell, B.J. Connor, A. Lambert, "A comparison of middle atmospheric water vapor as measured by WVMS, EOS-MLS, and HALOE", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S39, doi:10.1029/2007JD008757, 2007. reprint
  6. Pitts, M.C., L.W. Thomason, L.R. Poole, D.M. Winker, "Characterization of Polar Stratospheric Clouds with spaceborne lidar: CALIPSO and the 2006 Antarctic season", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 7, 5207-5228, doi:10.5194/acp-7-5207-2007, 2007. reprint
  7. Read, W.G., A. Lambert, J. Bacmeister, R.E. Cofield, L.E. Christensen, D.T. Cuddy, W.H. Daffer, B.J. Drouin, E. Fetzer, L. Froidevaux, R. Fuller, R. Herman, R.F. Jarnot, J.H. Jiang, Y.B. Jiang, K. Kelly, B.W. Knosp, H.C. Pumphrey, K.H. Rosenlof, X. Sabounchi, M.L. Santee, M.J. Schwartz, W.V. Snyder, P.C. Stek, H. Su, L.L. Takacs, R.P. Thurstans, H. Vomel, P.A. Wagner, J.W. Waters, C.R. Webster, E.M. Weinstock, D.L. Wu, "Aura Microwave Limb Sounder upper tropospheric and lower stratospheric H2O and relative humidity with respect to ice validation", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S35, doi:10.1029/2007JD008752, 2007. reprint
  8. Vomel, H., J.E. Barnes, R.N. Forno, M. Fujiwara, F. Hasebe, S. Iwasaki, R. Kivi, N. Komala, E. Kyro, T. Leblanc, B. Morel, S.Y. Ogino, W. Read, S.C. Ryan, S. Saraspriya, H. Selkirk, M. Shiotani, J. Valverde-Canossa, D.N. Whiteman, "Validation of Aura MLS Water Vapor by Balloon Borne Cryogenic Frostpoint Hygrometer Measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D24S37, doi:10.1029/2007JD008698, 2007. reprint
  9. Wong, S., A.E. Dessler, "Regulation of H2O and CO in Tropical Tropopause Layer by the Madden-Julian Oscillation", Journal of Geophysical Research 112, D14305, doi:10.1029/2006JD007940, 2007. reprint
  10. Ziemke, J.R., S. Chandra, M.R. Schoeberl, L. Froidevaux, W.G. Read, P.F. Levelt, P.K. Bhartia, "Intra-seasonal variability in tropospheric ozone and water vapor in the tropics", Geophysical Research Letters 34, L17804, doi:10.1029/2007GL030965, 2007. reprint

2006

  1. Cofield, R.E., P.C. Stek, "Design and field-of-view calibration of 114-660 GHz optics of the Earth Observing System Microwave Limb Sounder", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, 1166-1181, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2006.873234, 2006. reprint
  2. Folkins, I., P. Bernath, C. Boone, L.J. Donner, A. Eldering, G. Lesins, R.V. Martin, B-M. Sinnhuber, K. Walker, "Testing convective parameterizations with tropical measurements of HNO3, CO, H2O, and O3: Implications fotr the water vapor budget", Journal of Geophysical Research 111, D23304, doi:10.1029/2006JD007325, 2006. reprint
  3. Froidevaux, L., N.J. Livesey, W.G. Read, Y.B. Jiang, C.J. Jimenez, M.J. Filipiak, M.J. Schwartz, M.L. Santee, H.C. Pumphrey, J.H. Jiang, D.L. Wu, G.L. Manney, B.J. Drouin, J.W. Waters, E.J. Fetzer, P.F. Bernath, C.D. Boone, K.A. Walker, K.W. Jucks, G.C. Toon, J.J. Margitan, B. Sen, C.R. Webster, L.E. Christensen, J.W. Elkins, E. Atlas, R.A. Lueb, R. Hendershot, "Early validation analyses of atmospheric profiles from EOS MLS on the Aura satellite", IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 44, no. 5, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2006.864366, 2006. reprint
  4. Fu, R., Y. Hu, J.S. Wright, J.H. Jiang, R.E. Dickinson, M. Chen, M. Filipiak, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, D.L. Wu, "Short circuit of water vapor and polluted air to the global stratosphere by convective transport over the Tibetan Plateau", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103, 5664-5669, doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-0171.1, 2006. reprint
  5. Garrett, T.J., J. Dean-Day, C. Liu, B. Barnett, G. Mace, D. Baumbardner, C. Webster, T. Bui, W. Read, P. Minnis, "Convective formation of pileus cloud near the tropopause", Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 6, 1185-1200, doi:10.5194/acp-6-1185-2006, 2006. reprint
  6. Hilsenrath, E., M.R. Schoeberl, A.R. Douglass, P.K. Bhartia, J. Barnett, R. Beer, J. Waters, M. Gunson, L. Froidevaux, J. Gille, P.F. Levelt, "Early Data from Aura and Continuity from UARS and TOMS", Space Science Reviews 125, 417-430, doi:10.1007/s11214-006-9074-1, 2006. reprint
  7. Jimenez, C.J., H.C. Pumphrey, I.A. MacKenzie, G.L. Manney, M.L. Santee, M.J. Schwartz, R.S. Harwood, J.W. Waters, "EOS MLS observations of dehydration in the 2004-2005 polar winters", Geophysical Research Letters 33, L16806, doi:10.1029/2006GL025926, 2006. reprint
  8. Manney, G.L., N.J. Livesey, C.J. Jimenez, H.C. Pumphrey, M.L. Santee, I.A. MacKenzie, J.W. Waters, "EOS Microwave Limb Sounder Observations of 'frozen-in' anticyclone air in Arctic summer", Geophysical Research Letters 33, L06810, doi:10.1029/2005GL025418, 2006. reprint
  9. Oikonomou, E.K., A. O'Neill, "Evaluation of ozone and water vapor fields from the ECMWF reanalysis ERA-40 during 1991-1999 in comparison with UARS satellite and MOZAIC aircraft observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 111, D14109, doi:10.1029/2004JD005341, 2006. reprint
  10. Su, H., W.G. Read, J.H. Jiang, J.W. Waters, D.L. Wu, E.J. Fetzer, "Enhanced positive water vapor feedback associated with tropical deep convection: New evidence from Aura MLS", Geophysical Research Letters 33, L05709, doi:10.1029/2005GL025505, 2006. reprint
  11. Su, H., D.E. Waliser, J.H. Jiang, J-L. Li, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, A.M. Tompkins, "Relationships of upper tropospheric water vapor, clouds and SST: MLS observations, ECMWF analyses and GCM simulations", Geophysical Research Letters 33, L22802, doi:10.1029/2006GL027582, 2006. reprint

2005

  1. Folkins, I., R.V. Martin, " The Vertical Structure of Tropical Convection and Its Impact on the Budgets of Water Vapor and Ozone", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 62, 1560-1573, doi:10.1175/JAS3407.1, 2005. reprint
  2. Manney, G.L., M.L. Santee, N.J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, W.G. Read, H.C. Pumphrey, J.W. Waters, S. Pawson, "EOS Microwave Limb Sounder Observations of the Antarctic Polar Vortex Breakup in 2004", Geophysical Research Letters 32, L12811, doi:10.1029/2005GL022823, 2005. reprint
  3. Santee, M.L., G.L. Manney, N.J. Livesey, L. Froidevaux, H.C. Pumphrey, W.G. Read, M.J. Schwartz, J.W. Waters, "Polar processing and development of the 2004 Antarctic ozone hole: First results from Aura MLS", Geophysical Research Letters 32, L12817, doi:10.1029/2005GL022582, 2005. reprint
  4. Waugh, D.W., "Impact of potential vorticity intrusions on subtropical upper tropospheric humidity", Journal of Geophysical Research 110, D11305, doi:10.1029/2004JD005664, 2005. reprint
  5. Wu, D.L., J.H. Jiang, "Interannual and Seasonal Variations of Diurnal Tide, Gravity Wave, Ozone, and Water Vapor as Observed by MLS during 1991-1994", Advances in Space Research 35, 1999-2004, doi:10.1016/j.asr.2004.12.018, 2005. reprint

2004

  1. Dessler, A.E., S.C. Sherwood, "Effect of convection on the summertime extratropical lower stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D23301, doi:10.1029/2004JD005209, 2004. reprint
  2. Eguchi, N., M. Shiotani, "Intraseasonal variations of water vapor and cirrus clouds in the tropical upper troposphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D12106, doi:10.1029/2003JD004314, 2004. reprint
  3. Jiang, J.H., B. Wang, K. Goya, K. Hocke, S.D. Eckermann, J. Ma, D.L. Wu, W.G. Read, "Geographical Distribution and Inter-Seasonal Variability of Tropical Deep Convection: UARS MLS Observations and Analyses", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D03111, doi:10.1029/2003JD003756, 2004. reprint
  4. Minschwaner, K., A.E. Dessler, "Water Vapor Feedback in the Tropical Upper Troposphere: Model Results and Observations", Journal of Climate 17, 1272-1282, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2004), 2004. reprint
  5. Read, W.G., D.L. Wu, J.W. Waters, H.C. Pumphrey, "A New 147-56 hPa Water Vapor Product from the UARS Microwave Limb Sounder", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D06111, doi:10.1029/2003JD004366, 2004. reprint
  6. Read, W.G., D.L. Wu, J.W. Waters, H.C. Pumphrey, "Dehydration in the Tropical Tropopause Layer: Implications from UARS MLS", Journal of Geophysical Research 109, D06110, doi:10.1029/2003JD004056, 2004. reprint

2003

  1. Clark, H.L., R.S. Harwood, A. Billingham, H.C. Pumphrey, "Cirrus and water vapor in the tropical tropopause layer observed by the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite", Journal of Geophysical Research 108, D24, 4751, doi:10.1029/2003JD003748, 2003. reprint
  2. Clark, H.L., R.S. Harwood, "Upper-Tropospheric Humidity from MLS and ECMWF Reanalyses", Monthly Weather Review 131, 3, 542-555, doi:10.1175/1520-0493(2003), 2003. reprint
  3. Limpasuvan, V., D.L. Wu, "Two-day wave observations of UARS Microwave Limb Sounder mesospheric water vapor and temperature", Journal of Geophysical Research 108, D10, 4307, doi:10.1029/2002JD002903, 2003. reprint
  4. Salby, M., F. Sassi, P. Callaghan, W. Read, H. Pumphrey, "Fluctuations of Cloud, Humidity, and Thermal Structure near the Tropical Tropopause", Journal of Climate 16, 21, 3428-3446, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2003)016<3428:FOCHAT>2.0.CO;2, 2003. reprint

2002

  1. Folkins, I., K.K. Kelly, E.M. Weinstock, "A simple explanation for the increase in relative humidity between 11 and 14 km in the tropics", Journal of Geophysical Research 107, D23, 4736, doi:10.1029/2002JD002185, 2002. reprint
  2. Folkins, I., "Origin of Lapse Rate Changes in the Upper Tropical Tropopause", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 59, 5, 992-1005, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(2002) , 2002. reprint
  3. Kley, D., J.M. Russell, C. Phillips, "SPARC assessment of upper tropospheric and stratospheric water vapour", SPARC Report No. 2 2, WMO/ICSU/IOC, WCRP-113, 2002.
  4. Michelsen, H.A., G.L. Manney, F.W. Irion, G.C. Toon, M.R. Gunson, C.P. Rinsland, R. Zander, E. Mahieu, M.J. Newchurch, P.N. Purcell, , J.M. Russell, H.C. Pumphrey, J.W. Waters, R.M. Bevilacqua, K.K. Kelly, E.J. Hintsa, E.M. Weinstock, E-W. Chiou, W.P. Chu, M.P. McCormick, C.R. Webster, "ATMOS Version 3 water vapor measurements: Comparisons with observations from two ER-2 Lyman-alpha hygrometers, MkIV, HALOE, SAGE II, MAS, and MLS", Journal of Geophysical Research 107, D3, 4027, doi:10.1029/2001JD000587, 2002. reprint
  5. Offerman, D., B. Schaeler, M. Riese, M. Langfermann, M. Jarisch, G. Eidmann, C. Schiller, H G.J. Smit, W.G. Read, "Water vapor at the tropopause during the CRISTA 2 mission", Journal of Geophysical Research 107, D23, 8176, doi:10.1029/2001JD000700, 2002. reprint
  6. Sassi, F., M. Salby, H.C. Pumphrey, W.G. Read, "Influence of the Madden-Julian Oscillation on upper tropospheric humidity", Journal of Geophysical Research 107, D23, 4681, doi:10.1029/2001JD001331, 2002. reprint
  7. Spichtinger, P., K. Gierens, W. Read, "The statistical distribution law of relative humidity in the global tropopause region", Meteorologische Zeitschrift 11, 83-88, doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2002/0011-0083, 2002. reprint

2001

  1. Clark, H.L., A. Billingham, R.S. Harwood, H.C. Pumphrey, "Water vapour in the tropical lower stratosphere during the driest phase of the atmospheric 'tape recorder'", Journal of Geophysical Research 106, D19, 22,695-22,705, doi:10.1029/2000JD000021, 2001. reprint
  2. Gettleman, A., W.J. Randel, S. Massie, F. Wu, W.G. Read, J.M. Russell, "El-Nino as a natural experiment for studying the Tropical Tropause Region", Journal of Climate 14, 3375-3392, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2001)014<3375:ENOAAN>2.0.CO;2, 2001. reprint
  3. Lee, A.M., H.K. Roscoe, A.E. Jones, P.H. Haynes, E.F. Shuckburgh, M.W. Morrey, H.C. Pumphrey, "The impact of the mixing properties within the Antarctic stratospheric vortex on ozone loss in spring", Journal of Geophysical Research 106, D3, 3203-3211, doi:10.1029/2000JD900398, 2001. reprint
  4. Pawson, S., L. Takacs, A. Molod, S. Nebuda, M. Chen, W. Read, M. Fiorino, "The Tropical Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere in the GEOS-2 GCM", Advances in Space Research 27, 1457-1465, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(01)00214-9, 2001. reprint
  5. Read, W.G., J.W. Waters, D.L. Wu, E.M. Stone, Z. Shippony, A.C. Smedley, C.C. Smallcomb, S. Oltmans, D. Kley, H.G.J. Smit, J.L. Mergenthaler, M.K. Karki, "UARS Microwave Limb Sounder Upper Tropospheric Humidity Measurement: Method and Validation", Journal of Geophysical Research 106, D23, 32207-35258, doi:10.1029/2000JD000122, 2001. reprint
  6. Sassi, F., M. Salby, W.G. Read, "Relationship between upper tropospheric humidity and deep convection", Journal of Geophysical Research 106, D15, 17133-17146, doi:10.1029/2001JD900121, 2001. reprint
  7. Stone, E.M., A. Tabazadeh, E. Jensen, H.C. Pumphrey, M.L. Santee, J.L. Mergenthaler, "The onset, extent and duration of dehydration in the Southern Hemisphere polar vortex", Journal of Geophysical Research 106, D19, 22979-22989, doi:10.1029/2000JD000101, 2001. reprint

2000

  1. Dessler, A.E., S.C. Sherwood, "Simulations of tropical upper tropospheric humidity", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D15, 20,155-20,163, doi:10.1029/2000JD900231, 2000. reprint
  2. Gettleman, A., J.R. Holton, A.R. Douglass, "Simulations of water vapor in the lower stratosphere and upper troposphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D7, 9003-9023, doi:10.1029/1999JD901133, 2000. reprint
  3. Gray, L.J., "A model study of the influence of the quasi-biennial oscillation on trace gas distributions in the middle and upper stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D4, 4539-4551, 2000.
  4. Kley, D., J.M. Russell, C. Phillips, "SPARC Assessment of Upper Tropospheric and Stratospheric Water Vapor", SPARC Report No. 2,2000.
  5. McCormack, J.P., R. Fu, W.G. Read, "The influence of convective outflow on water vapor mixing ratios in the tropical upper troposphere: An analyses based on UARS MLS measurements", Geophysical Research Letters 27, 525-528, doi:10.1029/1999GL010477, 2000. reprint
  6. Morris, G.A., J.F. Gleason, J. Ziemke, M.R. Schoeberl, "Trajectory Mapping: A tool for validation of trace gas observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D14, 17,875-17,894, doi:10.1029/1999JD901118, 2000. reprint
  7. Mote, P.W., H.L. Clark, T.J. Dunkerton, R.S. Harwood, H.C. Pumphrey, "Intraseasonal Variations of Water Vapor in the Tropical Upper Troposphere and Tropopause Region", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D13, 17457-17470, doi:10.1029/2000JD900158, 2000. reprint
  8. Pan, L.L., E.J. Hintsa, E.M. Stone, E.M. Weinstock, W.J. Randel, "The seasonal cycle of water vapor and saturation mixing ratio in the extratropical lowermost stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D21, 26,519-26,530, doi:10.1029/2000JD900401, 2000. reprint
  9. Pumphrey, H.C., H.L. Clark, R.S. Harwood, "Lower stratospheric water vapor measured by UARS MLS", Geophysical Research Letters 27, 1691-1694, doi:10.1029/1999GL011339, 2000. reprint
  10. Sandor, B.J., E.J. Jensen, E.M. Stone, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, J.L. Mergenthaler, "Upper Tropospheric Humidity and Thin Cirrus", Geophysical Research Letters 27, 2645-2648, doi:10.1029/1999GL011194, 2000. reprint
  11. Stone, E.M., L. Pan, B.J. Sandor, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, "Spatial distributions of upper tropospheric water vapor measurements from the UARS Microwave Limb Sounder", Journal of Geophysical Research 105, D10, 12,149-12,161, doi:10.1029/2000JD900125, 2000. reprint
  12. Zhu, Y., R.E. Newell, W.G. Read, "Factors controlling upper tropospheric water vapor", Journal of Climate 13, 4, 836-848, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(2000), 2000. reprint

1999

  1. Chen, M., R.B. Rood, W.G. Read, "Seasonal variations of upper tropospheric water vapor and high clouds observed from satellites", Journal of Geophysical Research 104, D6, 6193-6197, doi:10.1029/1998JD200124, 1999. reprint
  2. Jensen, E.J., W.G. Read, J. Mergenthaler, B.J. Sandor, L. Pfister, A. Tabazadeh, "High humidities and subvisible cirrus near the tropical tropopause", Geophysical Research Letters 26, D15, 2347-2350, doi:10.1029/1999GL900266, 1999. reprint
  3. Khattatov, B.V., J.C. Gille, L.V. Lyjak, G.P. Brasseur, V.L. Dvortsov, A.E. Roche, J.W. Waters, "Assimilation of photochemically active species and a case analysis of UARS data", Journal of Geophysical Research 104, D15, 18,715-18,737, doi:10.1029/1999JD900225, 1999. reprint
  4. Mlynczak, M.G., C.J. Mertens, R.R. Garcia, R.W. Portmann, "A Detailed Evaluation of the Stratospheric Heat Budget, 2. Global Radiation Balance and Diabatic Circulations", Journal of Geophysical Research 104, D6, 6039-6066, doi:10.1029/1998JD200099, 1999. reprint
  5. Plane, J., C. Gardner, H.C. Pumphrey, , C.Y. She, R. Garcia, "Mesospheric Na Layer at 40 degrees N: Modelling and Observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 104, D3, 3773-3788, doi:10.1029/1998JD100015, 1999. reprint
  6. Pumphrey, H.C., S. Buehler, R.S. Harwood, "Instrumental and spectral parameters: their effect on and measurement by microwave limb sounding of the atmosphere", Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 64, 421-437, doi:10.1016/S0022-4073(99)00106-5, 1999. reprint
  7. Pumphrey, H.C., "Validation of a new prototype water vapor rertrieval for the UARS Microwave Limb Sounder", Journal of Geophysical Research 104, D8, 9399-9412, doi:10.1029/1998JD200113, 1999. reprint

1998

  1. Chandra, S., J.R. Ziemke, W. Min, W.G. Read, "Effects of 1997-1998 El Nino on tropospheric ozone and water vapor", Geophysical Research Letters 25, 3867-3870, doi:10.1029/98GL02695, 1998. reprint
  2. Chen, M., R.B. Rood, W.G. Read, "Upper Tropospheric Water Vapor from GEOS Reanalysis and UARS MLS Observation", Journal of Geophysical Research 103, D16, 19,587-19,594, doi:10.1029/98JD02122, 1998. reprint
  3. Clark, H.L., R.S. Harwood, P.W. Mote, W.G. Read, "Variability of water vapor in the tropical upper troposphere as measured by the Microwave Limb Sounder on UARS", Journal of Geophysical Research 103, D24, 31,695-31,707, doi:10.1029/98JD02702, 1998. reprint
  4. Haas, M.R., L. Pfister, "A High-Altitude Site Survey for SOFIA", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 110, 339-364, doi:10.1086/316132, 1998. reprint
  5. Hu, H., W.T. Liu, "The impact of upper tropospheric humidity from Microwave Limb Sounder on the midlatitude greenhouse effect", Geophysical Research Letters 25, 16, 3151-3154, doi:10.1029/98GL02252, 1998. reprint
  6. Manney, G.L., Y.J. Orsolini, H.C. Pumphrey, A.E. Roche, "The 4-Day Wave and Transport of UARS Tracers in the Austral Polar Vortex", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 55, 23, 3456-3470, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1998)055<3456:TDWATO>2.0.CO;2, 1998. reprint
  7. Morrey, M.W., R.S. Harwood, "Interhemispheric differences in stratospheric water vapour during late winter, in version 4 MLS measurements", Geophysical Research Letters 25, 147-150, doi:10.1029/97GL53637, 1998. reprint
  8. Mote, P.W., T.J. Dunkerton, H.C. Pumphrey, "Sub-seasonal variations in lower stratospheric water vapor", Geophysical Research Letters 25, 2445-2448, doi:10.1029/98GL51847, 1998. reprint
  9. Nair, H., M. Allen, L. Froidevaux, R.W. Zurek, "Localized Rapid Ozone Loss in the Northern Winter Stratosphere: An Analysis of UARS Observations", Journal of Geophysical Research 103, D1, 1555-1571, doi:10.1029/97JD03072, 1998. reprint
  10. Pumphrey, H.C., D. Rind, J.M. Russell, J.E. Harries, "A preliminary zonal mean climatology of water vapour in the stratosphere and mesosphere", Advances in Space Research 21, 10, 1417-1420, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00750-3, 1998. reprint
  11. Pumphrey, H.C., "Nonlinear retrievals of water vapour from the UARS Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS)", Advances in Space Research 21, 3, 389-392, doi:10.1016/S0273-1177(97)00918-6, 1998. reprint
  12. Randel, W.J., F. Wu, J.M. Russell, A. Roche, J.W. Waters, "Seasonal Cycles and QBO Variations in Stratospheric CH4 and H2O Observed in UARS HALOE Data", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 55, 2, 163-185, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1998)055<0163:SCAQVI>2.0.CO;2, 1998. reprint
  13. Ricaud, P., E. Monnier, F. Goutail, J.P. Pommereau, C. David, S. Godin, L. Froidevaux, J.W. Waters, J. Mergenthaler, A.E. Roche, H. Pumphrey, M.P. Chipperfield, "Stratosphere over Dumont d", Journal of Geophysical Research 103, D11, 13267-13284, doi:10.1029/98JD00689, 1998. reprint
  14. Sandor, B.J., W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, K.H. Rosenlof, "Seasonal Behavior of Tropical to Mid-Latitude Upper Tropospheric Water Vapor from UARS MLS", Journal of Geophysical Research 103, D20, 25935-25947, doi:10.1029/98JD02272, 1998. reprint

1997

  1. Nedoluha, G.E., R.M. Bevilacqua, R.M. Gomez, W.B. Waltman, B.C. Hicks, D.L. Thacker, J.M. Russell, M. Abrams, H.C. Pumphrey, B.J. Connor, "A comparative study of mesospheric water vapor measurements from the ground-based water vapor millimeter-wave spectrometer and space-based instruments", Journal of Geophysical Research 102, D14, 16647-16661, doi:10.1029/97JD01095, 1997. reprint
  2. Newell, R.E., Y. Zhu, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, "Relationship between tropical upper tropospheric moisture and eastern tropical Pacific sea surface temperature on seasonal and interannual time scales", Geophysical Research Letters 24, 1, 25-28, doi:10.1029/96GL03776, 1997. reprint
  3. Pumphrey, H.C., R.S. Harwood, "Water Vapour and Ozone in the Mesosphere as measured by UARS MLS", Geophysical Research Letters 24, 1399-1402, doi:10.1029/97GL01158, 1997. reprint
  4. Rood, R.B., A.R. Douglass, M.C. Cerniglia, W.G. Read, "Synoptic-Scale Mass Exchange from the Troposphere to the Stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 102, D19, 23467-23485, doi:10.1029/97JD01598, 1997. reprint

1996

  1. Elson, L.S., W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, P.W. Mote, J.S. Kinnersley, R.S. Harwood, "Space-time variations in water vapor as observed by the UARS Microwave Limb Sounder", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D4, 9001-9015, doi:10.1029/95JD03653, 1996. reprint
  2. Eluszkiewicz, J., D. Crisp, R.W. Zurek, L.S. Elson, E.F. Fishbein, L. Froidevaux, J.W. Waters, R. Grainger, A. Lambert, R.S. Harwood, G.E. Peckham, "Residual circulation in the stratosphere and lower mesosphere as diagnosed from Microwave Limb Sounder data", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 53, 2, 217-240, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1996)053<0217:RCITSA>2.0.CO;2, 1996. reprint
  3. Lahoz, W.A., M.R. Suttie, L. Froidevaux, R.S. Harwood, C.L. Lau, T.A. Lungu, G.E. Peckham, H.C. Pumphrey, W.G. Read, Z. Shippony, R.A. Suttie, J.W. Waters, G.E. Nedoluha, S.J. Oltmans, J.M. Russell, W.A. Traub, "Validation of UARS Microwave Limb Sounder 183 GHz H2O measurements", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D6, 10129-10149, doi:10.1029/95JD01703, 1996. reprint
  4. Lahoz, W.A., A. O'Neill, A. Heaps, V.D. Pope, R. Swinbank, R.S. Harwood, L. Froidevaux, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, G.E. Peckham, "Vortex dynamics and the evolution of water vapour in the stratosphere of the southern hemisphere", Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 122, 423-450, 1996.
  5. Massie, S.T., J.C. Gille, D.P. Edwards, P.L. Bailey, L.V. Lyjak, C.A. Craig, C.P. Cavanaugh, J.L. Mergenthaler, A.E. Roche, J.B. Kumer, A. Lambert, R.G. Grainger, C.D. Rodgers, F.W. Taylor, J.M. Russell, J.H. Park, T. Deshler, M.E. Hervig, E.F. Fishbein, J.W. Waters, W.A. Lahoz, "Validation studies using multiwavelength Cryogenic Limb Array Etalon Spectrometer (CLAES) observations of stratospheric aerosol", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D6, 9757-9773, doi:10.1029/95JD03225, 1996. reprint
  6. Mote, P.W., K.H. Rosenlof, M.E. McIntyre, E.S. Carr, J.R. Holton, J.S. Kinnersley, H.C. Pumphrey, J.M. Russell, J.W. Waters, J.C. Gille, "An atmospheric tape recorder: the imprint of tropical tropopause temperatures on stratospheric water vapor", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D2, 3989-4006, doi:10.1029/95JD03422, 1996. reprint
  7. Newell, R.E., Y. Zhu, E.V. Browell, S. Ismail, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, K.K. Kelly, S.C. Liu, "Upper tropospheric water vapor and cirrus: Comparison of DC-8 Observations, preliminary UARS microwave limb sounder measurements and meteorological analyses", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D1, 1931-1941, doi:10.1029/95JD01373, 1996. reprint
  8. Newell, R.E., Y. Zhu, E.V. Browell, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, "Walker circulation and tropical upper tropospheric water vapor", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D1, 1961-1974, doi:10.1029/95JD02275, 1996. reprint
  9. Schoeberl, M.R., A.R. Douglass, S.R. Kawa, A.E. Dessler, P.A. Newman, R.S. Stolarski, A.E. Roche, J.W. Waters, J.M. Russell, "The development of the Antarctic ozone hole", Journal of Geophysical Research 101, D15, 20,909-20,924, doi:10.1029/96JD01707, 1996. reprint
  10. Stone, E.M., W.J. Randel, J.L. Stanford, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, "Baroclinic wave variations observed in MLS upper tropospheric water vapor", Geophysical Research Letters 23, 2967-2970, doi:10.1029/96GL02576, 1996. reprint

1995

  1. Carr, E.S., R.S. Harwood, P.W. Mote, G.E. Peckham, R.A. Suttie, W.A. Lahoz, A. O'Neill, L. Froidevaux, R.F. Jarnot, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, R. Swinbank, "Tropical stratospheric water vapor measured by the microwave limb sounder (MLS)", Geophysical Research Letters 22, 6, 691-694, doi:10.1029/95GL00626, 1995. reprint
  2. Limpasuvan, V., C.B. Leovy, "Observations of the two-day wave near the southern summer stratopause", Geophysical Research Letters 22, 2385-2388, doi:10.1029/96GL02897, 1995. reprint
  3. Manney, G.L., R.W. Zurek, W.A. Lahoz, R.S. Harwood, J.B. Kumer, J. Mergenthaler, A.E. Roche, A. O'Neill, R. Swinbank, J.W. Waters, "Lagrangian transport calculations using UARS data. Part I: Passive tracers", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 52, 17, 3049-3068, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1995), 1995. reprint
  4. Morris, G.A., M.R. Schoeberl, L. Sparling, P.A. Newman, L.R. Lait, L.S. Elson, J.W. Waters, A.E. Roche, J.B. Kumer, J.M. Russell, "Trajectory mapping of Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS) data", Journal of Geophysical Research 100, D8, 16491-16505, doi:10.1029/95JD01072, 1995. reprint
  5. Mote, P.W., K.H. Rosenlof, J.R. Holton, R.S. Harwood, J.W. Waters, "Seasonal variation of water vapour in the tropical lower stratosphere", Geophysical Research Letters 22, 1093-1096, doi:10.1029/95GL01234, 1995. reprint
  6. Randel, W.J., F. Wu, J.M. Russell, J.W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, "Ozone and temperature changes in the stratosphere following the eruption of Mount Pinatubo", Journal of Geophysical Research 100, D8, 16753-16764, doi:10.1029/95JD01001, 1995. reprint
  7. Read, W.G., J.W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, D.A. Flower, R.F. Jarnot, D.L. Hartmann, R.S. Harwood, R.B. Rood, "Upper-tropospheric water vapor from UARS MLS", Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 76, 12, 2381-2389, doi:10.1175/1520-0477(1995), 1995. reprint
  8. Ricaud, P.D., E.S. Carr, R.S. Harwood, W.A. Lahoz, L. Froidevaux, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, J.L. Mergenthaler, J.B. Kumer, A.E. Roche, G.E. Peckham, "Polar stratospheric clouds as deduced from MLS and CLAES measurements", Geophysical Research Letters 22, 2033-2036, doi:10.1029/95GL00479, 1995. reprint
  9. Rosenlof, K.H., "Seasonal cycle of the residual mean meridional circulation in the stratosphere", Journal of Geophysical Research 100, D3, 5173-5191, doi:10.1029/94JD03122, 1995. reprint
  10. Santee, M.L., W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, L. Froidevaux, G.L. Manney, D.A. Flower, R.F. Jarnot, R.S. Harwood, G.E. Peckham, "Interhemispheric differences in polar stratospheric HNO3, H2O, ClO and O3", Science 267, 849-852, doi:10.1126/science.267.5199.849, 1995. reprint

1994

  1. Lahoz, W.A., A. O'Neill, E.S. Carr, R.S. Harwood, L. Froidevaux, W.G. Read, J.W. Waters, J.B. Kumer, J.L. Mergenthaler, A.E. Roche, G.E. Peckham, R. Swinbank, "Three-dimensional evolution of water vapour distributions in the northern hemisphere as observed by MLS", Journal of Atmospheric Sciences 51, 20, 2914-2930, doi:10.1175/1520-0469(1994)051<2914:TDEOWV>2.0.CO;2, 1994. reprint

1993

  1. Elson, L.S., L. Froidevaux, "The use of Fourier transforms for asynoptic mapping: Early results from the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite Microwave Limb Sounder", Journal of Geophysical Research 98, D12, 23039-23049, doi:10.1029/93JD01987, 1993. reprint
  2. Harwood, R.S., E.S. Carr, L. Froidevaux, R.F. Jarnot, W.A. Lahoz, C.L. Lau, G.E. Peckham, W.G. Read, P.D. Ricaud, R.A. Suttie, J.W. Waters, "Springtime stratospheric water vapour in the southern hemisphere as measured by MLS", Geophysical Research Letters 20, 1235-1238, doi:10.1029/93GL00832, 1993. reprint
  3. Lahoz, W.A., E.S. Carr, L. Froidevaux, R.S. Harwood, J.B. Kumer, J.L. Mergenthaler, G.E. Peckham, W.G. Read, P.D. Ricaud, A.E. Roche, J.W. Waters, "Northern hemisphere mid-stratosphere vortex processes diagnosed from H2O, N2O and potential vorticity", Geophysical Research Letters 23, 2671-2674, doi:10.1029/93GL02475, 1993. reprint
  4. Randel, W.J., J.C. Gille, A.E. Roche, J.B. Kumer, J.L. Mergenthaler, J.W. Waters, E.F. Fishbein, W.A. Lahoz, "Stratospheric transport from the tropics to middle latitudes by planetary-wave mixing", Nature 365, 533-535, doi:10.1038/365533a0, 1993. reprint

1980

  1. Waters, J.W., J.J. Gustincic, P.N. Swanson, A.R. Kerr, "Measurements of upper atmospheric H2O emission at 183 GHz", Atmospheric Water Vapor,1980.




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